Australian author, philosopher, and ethicist. Born in Melbourne, Australia, to Austrian parents fleeing Nazi persecution, Singer was educated at Melbourne University and at England's Oxford University. Throughout his subsequent academic career, during which he has held professorships in England, Australia, and the United States, Singer has generated controversy and even outrage for his application of utilitarianism "the greatest good of the greatest number"to a wide variety of ethical issues, ranging from euthanasia and abortion to economic justice and animal rights. A prolific author, Singer's principal works include
Animal Liberation (1975), Practical Ethics (1979), How Are We to Live?: Ethics in an Age of Self- Interest (1993), Rethinking Life and Death (1994), and most recently The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism Is Changing Ideas about Living Ethically (2015). He is currently a professor of bioethics at Princeton University. See also princeton.edu/~psinger.