American poet and essayist. Born in Baltimore, Maryland, Rich grew up reading and writing poetry from an early age. She published her first volume of poems,
A Change of World (1951), even before completing her B.A. at Radcliffe College. Her many subsequent collections, reflecting her emergence as a fiercely outspoken feminist, include Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law (1963), the National Book Awardwinning Diving into the Wreck (1974), The Fact of a Doorframe: Poems Selected and New, 19501984 (1984), Midnight Salvage (1999), and Tonight No Poetry Will Serve: Poems 20072010 (2011). Her essays have been collected in several volumes, including Arts of the Possible: Essays and Conversations (2001), Poetry and Commitment (2007), and A Human Eye: Essays on Art in Society (2009). The recipient of many honors, Rich was awarded the National Book Foundation's 2006 Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters. See also poetryfoundation.org/bio/adrienne-rich.