Michael Levin (b. 1943)

American philosopher and educator. Educated at Michigan State University and Columbia University, Levin taught philosophy at Columbia from 1968 until 1980. He is currently a professor of philosophy at City College of the City University of New York, pursuing his research interests in theories of knowledge and the heritability of racial differences. The author of a number of scholarly articles, Levin has published Metaphysics and the Mind-Body Problem (1979), Feminism and Freedom (1987), Why Race Matters: Race Differences and What They Mean (1997), and Sexual Orientation and Human Rights (1999). Throughout his career Levin has courted controversy, taking contrarian stands on such diverse matters as homosexual rights, feminism, racial differences, and the acceptability of torture. See also gc.cuny.edu.