William Faulkner (1897–1962)
American novelist and short story writer. Apart from a short time in military service and a period spent writing screenplays in Hollywood, Faulkner lived his whole life in his native Mississippi. He attended the University of Mississippi, in the town of Oxford, and much of his writing depicts life in fictional Yoknapatawpha County, an imaginative reconstruction of the area near Oxford. With the help of the author Sherwood Anderson, Faulkner published his first novel, Soldier’s Pay, in 1926. His major novels include The Sound and the Fury (1929), As I Lay Dying (1930), Sanctuary (1931), Light in August (1932), and Absalom! Absalom! (1936). His Collected Stories (1950) won the National Book Award, as did A Fable (1954); he also twice received the Pulitzer Prize for fiction. In 1949 Faulkner was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. See also nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1949/faulkner-bio.html.