Barbara Tuchman (1912–1989)

American historian. After graduating from Radcliffe College in 1933, Tuchman worked as a research assistant for the Institute of Pacific Relations, an experience that later found expression in the Pulitzer Prize–winning Stilwell and the American Experience in China (1971). During the 1930s and 1940s she wrote on politics for the Nation, covered the Spanish Civil War as a journalist, and after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor took a job with the U.S. Office of War Information. Critical and public acclaim followed the publication of two books on the origins of World War I: The Zimmerman Telegram (1958) and The Guns of August (1962), her first Pulitzer Prize winner. Her other books include The Proud Tower (1966), A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous Fourteenth Century (1978), The March of Folly: From Troy to Vietnam (1984), and Practicing History (1981), a collection of articles, reviews, and talks. See also kirjasto.sci.fi/tuchman.htm.