GERALD GRAFF, a professor of English and education at the University of Illinois at Chicago, is best known for his books Professing Literature: An Institutional History (1989), Beyond the Culture Wars: How Teaching the Conflicts Can Revitalize American Education (1993), Clueless in Academe: How Schooling Obscures the Life of the Mind (2004), and (with Cathy Birkenstein) “They Say / I Say”: The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing (2013). This essay was written for Clueless in 2004.