The Romantic Period

Texts Contexts
1773 Anna Letitia Aikin (later Barbauld),Poems  
1774 J. W. von Goethe,The Sorrows of Young Werther  
  1775 American War of Independence (1775-83)
1776 Adam Smith,The Wealth of Nations  
1778 Frances Burney,Evelina  
1779 Samuel Johnson,Lives of the English Poets(1779-81)  
  1780 Gordon Riots in London
1781 Immanuel Kant,Critique of Pure Reason. Jean-Jacques Rousseau,Confessions. J. C. Friedrich Schiller,The Robbers  
  1783 William Pitt becomes prime
minister (serving until 1801 and again in 1804-6)
1784 Charlotte Smith,Elegiac Sonnets 1784 Death of Samuel Johnson
1785 William Cowper,The Task  
1786 William Beckford,Vathek. Robert Burns,Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect  
  1787 W. A. Mozart,Don Giovanni. Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade founded
1789 Jeremy Bentham,Principles of
Morals and Legislation. William Blake,Songs of Innocence
1789 Fall of the Bastille (beginning of the French Revolution)
1790 Joanna Baillie, Poems. Blake,The Marriage of Heaven and Hell. Edmund Burke,Reflections on the Revolution in France 1790 J. M. W. Turner first exhibits at the Royal Academy
1791 William Gilpin,Observations on the River Wye. Thomas Paine,Rights of Man. Ann Radcliffe,The Romance of the Forest 1791 Revolution in Santo Domingo
(modern Haiti)
1792 Mary Wollstonecraft,A Vindication of the Rights of Woman 1792 September Massacres in Paris. First gas lights in Britain
1793 William Godwin,Political Justice 1793 Execution of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. France declares war against Britain (and then Britain against France). The Reign of Terror
1794 Blake,Songs of Experience.
Godwin,Caleb Williams. Radcliffe,The Mysteries of Udolpho
1794 The fall of Robespierre. Trials for high treason of members of the London Corresponding Society
  1795 Pitt's Gagging Acts suppress
freedom of speech and assembly in
1796 Matthew Gregory Lewis,The Monk  
  1797 Mary Wollstonecraft dies from
complications of childbirth
1798 Joanna Baillie,Plays on the Passions, volume 1. Bentham,Political Economy. Thomas Malthus, An Essay on the Principle of Population. William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge,Lyrical Ballads 1798 Rebellion in Ireland
1800 Maria Edgeworth,Castle Rackrent. Mary Robinson,Lyrical Tales  
  1801 Parliamentary Union of Ireland and Great Britain
1802-3 Walter Scott, Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border 1802 Treaty of Amiens.Edinburgh
Reviewfounded. John Constable first exhibits at the Royal Academy
  1804 Napoleon crowned emperor.
Founding of the republic of Haiti
1805 Scott,The Lay of the Last Minstrel 1805 The French fleet defeated by the British at Trafalgar
1807 Wordsworth,Poems in Two VolumesCharlotte Smith,Beachy Head 1807 Abolition of the slave trade
1808 Goethe,Faust, part I 1808 Ludwig van Beethoven,Symphonies5 and 6
  1809 Quarterly Reviewfounded
1811 Jane Austen,Sense and Sensibility 1811 The Prince of Wales becomes
regent for George III, who is declared incurably insane
1812 Lord Byron,Childe Harold's
Pilgrimage, cantos 1 and 2. Felicia Hemans,The Domestic Affections
1812 War between Britain and the United States (1812-15)
1813 Austen,Pride and Prejudice  
1814 Scott, Waverley. Wordsworth,The Excursion  
  1815 Napoleon defeated at Waterloo. Corn Laws passed, protecting economic interests of the landed aristocracy
1816 Byron,Childe Harold, cantos 3 and 4. Coleridge,Christabel, "Kubla Khan." Percy Shelley,Alastor  
1817 Byron, Manfred. Coleridge,
Biographia LiterariaandSibylline Leaves. John Keats,Poems
1817 Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazinefounded. Death of Princess Charlotte. Death of Jane Austen
1818 Austen,PersuasionandNorthanger Abbey. Keats,Endymion. Thomas Love Peacock,Nightmare Abbey. Mary Shelley,Frankenstein  
1819 Byron,Don Juan, cantos 1 and 2. Percy Shelley,The Mask of Anarchy 1819 "Peterloo Massacre" in Manchester
1820 John Clare,Poems Descriptive of Rural Life. Keats, Lamia, Isabella,The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems. Percy Shelley,Prometheus Unbound 1820 Death of George III; accession ofGeorge IV. London Magazinefounded
1821 Thomas De Quincey,Confessions of an English Opium-Eater. Percy Shelley, Adonais 1821 Deaths of Keats in Rome and
Napoleon at St. Helena
  1822 Franz Schubert,Unfinished
. Death of Percy Shelley in the Bay of Spezia, near Lerici, Italy
1823 Charles Lamb,Essays of Elia  
1824 Letitia Landon, The Improvisatrice 1824 Death of Byron in Missolonghi
1826 Mary Shelley, The Last Man  
1827 Clare,The Shepherd's Calendar  
1828 Hemans,Records of Woman 1828 Parliamentary repeal of the Test and Corporation Acts excluding Dissenters from state offices
  1829 Catholic Emancipation
1830 Charles Lyell,Principles of Geology(1830-33). Alfred Tennyson,Poems, Chiefly Lyrical 1830 Death of George IV; accession of William IV. Revolution in France
  1832 First Reform Bill