1. Chimney sweep.
  2. Factory life.
  3. Oliver asking for more. Illustration by George Cruikshank in Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist (1846 edition).
  4. Homeless boys, about 1880.
  5. Hard Times (1885). Hubert von Herkomer.
  6. Waifs and Strays.In Gustave Doré's London: A Pilgrimage (1872).
  7. Scripture Reader in a Night Refuge. In Gustave Doré's London: A Pilgrimage (1872).
  8. John Thomson, "The 'Crawlers' " (c. 1877). From Thomson and Adolphe Smith, Street Life in London (1877–8).
  9. Match factory workers.
  10. Women match-makers at Bryant & May's factory in Bow, 1871.
  11. Matchbox filling, Messrs R. Bell and Co., Ltd.
  12. Workers in a tobacco factory.
  13. Blue Gate Fields, London. Gustave Doré, London: A Pilgrimage (1872).
  14. Cotton workers at Dean Mills near Manchester in 1851. This scene shows the doubling room where the thread is doubled to produce fine thread for the manufacture of lace.

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