Volume 1


PREFACE TO THE SIXTH EDITION
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The Middle Ages (to ca. 1485)
The Old English Period
The Middle English Period
Medieval English
Old and Middle English Prosody
Old English Literature
BEDE (ca. 673–735) and CAEDMON’S HYMN
An Ecclesiastical History of the English People
[The Story of Caedmon]
THE DREAM OF THE ROOD
BEOWULF
The Last Survivor’s Speech in Old English with Verse Translation
Beowulf
[Prologue: The Earlier History of the Danes]
[Beowulf and Grendel]
[Beowulf Returns Home]
[Beowulf and the Dragon]
[Beowulf’s Funeral]
THE WANDERER
THE BATTLE OF MALDON
Middle English Literature
GEOFFREY CHAUCER (ca. 1343 1400)
the canterbury tales
The General Prologue
The Miller’s Prologue and Tale
The Prologue
The Tale
The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale
The Prologue
The Tale
The Franklin’s Tale
The Introduction
The Prologue
The Tale
The Pardoner’s Prologue and Tale
The Introduction
The Prologue
The Tale
The Epilogue
The Nun’s Priest’s Tale
From The Parson’s Tale
The Introduction
Chaucer’s Retraction
lyrics and occasional verse
Merciless Beauty
To His Scribe Adam
Complaint to His Purse
Gentilesse
Truth
SIR GAWAIN AND THE GREEN KNIGHT (ca. 1375–1400)
WILLIAM LANGLAND (ca. 1330–1387)
The Vision of Piers Plowman
From The Prologue
[The Field of Folk]
From Passus 5
[The Confession of Envy]
[The Confession of Gluttony]
[Piers Plowman Shows the Way to Saint Truth]
Passus 6
[The Plowing of Piers’s Half-Acre]
Passus 18
[The Harrowing of Hell]
From The C-Text
[The Dreamer Meets Conscience and Reason]
MIDDLE ENGLISH LYRICS
Fowls in the Frith
Alison
My Lief Is Faren in Londe
Western Wind
I Have a Young Sister
The Cuckoo Song
Tell Me, Wight in the Broom
I Am of Ireland
Sunset on Calvary
I Sing of a Maiden
Adam Lay Bound
The Corpus Christi Carol
JULIAN OF NORWICH (1342–ca. 1416)
A Book of Showings to the Anchoress Julian of Norwich
[The First Revelation]
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
From Chapter 7
[Conclusion]
Chapter 86
MARGERY KEMPE (ca. 1373–1438)
The Book of Margery Kempe
[The Birth of Her First Child and Her First Vision]
[Her Pride and Attempts to Start a Business]
[Margery and Her Husband Reach a Settlement]
[A Visit with Julian of Norwich]
[Pilgrimage to Jerusalem]
[Examination before the Archbishop]
MYSTERY PLAYS
The Chester Play of Noah’s Flood
The Wakefield Second Shepherds’ Play
SIR THOMAS MALORY (ca. 1405–1471)
Morte Darthur
[The Conspiracy against Lancelot and Guinevere]
[War Breaks Out between Arthur and Lancelot]
[The Death of Arthur]
[The Deaths of Lancelot and Guinevere]
EVERYMAN (after 1485)
POPULAR BALLADS
Judas
From A Gest of Robyn Hode
Lord Randall
Bonny Barbara Allan
The Wife of Usher’s Well
The Three Ravens
Sir Patrick Spens
The Bonny Earl of Murray
The Sixteenth Century (1485–1603)
SIR THOMAS MORE (1478–1535)
Utopia
Book 1
[More Meets a Returned Traveler]
Book 2
[The Geography of Utopia]
[Their Gold and Silver]
[Marriage Customs]
[Religions]
[Conclusion]
The History of King Richard III
[A King’s Mistress]
JOHN SKELTON (ca. 1460–1529)
Mannerly Margery Milk and Ale
To Mistress Margaret Hussey
Lullay, Lullay, Like a Child
Colin Clout
[The Spirituality vs. the Temporality]
SIR THOMAS WYATT THE ELDER (1503–1542)
The Long Love That in My Thought Doth Harbor
Farewell, Love
My Galley
Madam, Withouten Many Words
Whoso List to Hunt
My Lute, Awake!
They Flee from Me
The Lover Showeth How He Is Forsaken of Such as He Sometime Enjoyed
Divers Doth Use
And Wilt Thou Leave Me Thus?
Blame Not My Lute
Forget Not Yet
V. Innocentia
Mine Own John Poins
HENRY HOWARD, EARL OF SURREY (1517–1547)
Love, That Doth Reign and Live Within My Thought
The Soote Season
Alas! So All Things Now Do Hold Their Peace
O Happy Dames, That May Embrace
My Friend, the Things That Do Attain
Epitaph on Sir Thomas Wyatt
Th’Assyrian king, in peace with foul desire
Prisoned in Windsor, He Recounteth His Pleasure There Passed
The Second Book of Virgil
[Hector Warns Aeneas to Flee Troy]
SIR PHILIP SIDNEY (1554–1586)
Astrophil and Stella
1 ("Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show")
2 ("Not at first sight, nor with a dribbèd shot")
5 ("It is most true that eyes are formed to serve")
6 ("Some lovers speak, when they their muses entertain")
7 ("When Nature made her chief work, Stella’s eyes")
9 ("Queen Virtue’s court, which some call Stella’s face")
10 ("Reason, in faith thou art well served, that still")
15 ("You that do search for every purling spring")
16 ("In nature apt to like when I did see")
18 ("With what sharp checks I in myself am shent")
21 ("Your words, my friend, right healthful caustics, blame")
31 ("With how sad steps, O Moon, thou climb’st the skies")
37 ("My mouth doth water, and my breast doth swell")
39 ("Come sleep! O sleep the certain knot of peace")
41 ("Having this day my horse, my hand, my lance")
45 ("Stella oft sees the very face of woe")
47 ("What, have I thus betrayed my liberty?")
49 ("I on my horse, and Love on me doth try")
52 ("A strife is grown between Virtue and Love")
53 ("In martial sports I had my cunning tried")
56 ("Fie, school of Patience, fie, your lesson is")
61 ("Oft with true sighs, oft with uncallèd tears")
69 ("O joy, too high for my low style to show")
71 ("Who will in fairest book of Nature know")
72 ("Desire, though thou my old companion art")
74 ("I never drank of Aganippe well")
81 ("O kiss, which dost those ruddy gems impart")
Fourth Song ("Only joy, now here you are")
87 ("When I was forced from Stella ever dear")
89 ("Now that of absence the most irksome night")
91 ("Stella, while now by honour’s cruel might")
Eleventh Song ("Who is it that this dark night")
108 ("When Sorrow [using mine own fire’s might]")
The Countess of Pembroke’s Arcadia
[The Absent Urania]
[The Country of Arcadia]
[Kalander tells about Basilius]
Ye Goat-herd Gods
The Defence of Poesy
[The Uses of Horsemanship]
[The Poet, Poetry]
[Three Kinds of Poets]
[Poetry, Philosophy, History]
["Parts" or Kinds of Poetry]
[Answers to Charges against Poetry]
[Poetry in England]
[Conclusion]
The Nightingale
Thou Blind Man’s Mark
Leave Me, O Love
EDMUND SPENSER (1552–1599)
The Shepheardes Calender
To His Booke
Aprill
October
The Faerie Queene
A Letter of the Authors
Book 1
Book 2
From Canto 12 [The Bower of Bliss]
Book 3
Proem
Canto 1
Canto 2
From Canto 3 [The Visit to Merlin]
[Canto 4. Summary]
From Canto 5 [Belphoebe and Timias]
Canto 6
[Cantos 7 and 8. Summary]
[Cantos 9 and 10. Summary]
Canto 11
Canto 12
Amoretti
Sonnet 1 ("Happy ye leaves when as those lilly hands")
Sonnet 34 ("Lyke as a ship that through the ocean wyde")
Sonnet 37 ("What guyle is this, that those her golden tresses")
Sonnet 54 ("Of this worlds theatre in which we stay")
Sonnet 64 ("Comming to kisse her lyps [such grace I found]")
Sonnet 65 ("The doubt which ye misdeeme, fayre love, is vaine")
Sonnet 67 ("Lyke as a huntsman after weary chace")
Sonnet 68 ("Most glorious Lord of lyfe, that on this day")
Sonnet 74 ("Most happy letters framed by skilful trade")
Sonnet 75 ("One day I wrote her name upon the strand")
Sonnet 79 ("Men call you fayre, and you doe credit it")
Epithalamion
CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE (1564–1593)
Hero and Leander
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (1564–1616)
Songs from the Plays
When Daisies Pied
Spring
Winter
Tell Me Where Is Fancy Bred
Under the Greenwood Tree
Blow, Blow, Thou Winter Wind
It Was a Lover and His Lass
Oh Mistress Mine
Fear No More the Heat o’ the Sun
Full Fathom Five
Where the Bee Sucks, There Suck I
Sonnets
1 ("From fairest creatures we desire increase")
3 ("Look in thy glass and tell the face thou viewest")
12 ("When I do count the clock that tells the time")
15 ("When I consider every thing that grows")
18 ("Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?")
19 ("Devouring Time, blunt thou the lion’s paws")
20 ("A woman’s face with Nature’s own hand painted")
29 ("When, in disgrace with Fortune and men’s eyes")
30 ("When to the sessions of sweet silent thought")
35 ("No more be grieved at that which thou hast done")
55 ("Not marble, nor the gilded monuments")
60 ("Like as the waves make towards the pibbled shore")
65 ("Since brass, nor stone, nor earth, nor boundless sea")
71 ("No longer mourn for me when I am dead")
73 ("That time of year thou mayst in me behold")
74 ("But be contented; when that fell arrest")
87 ("Farewell: thou are too dear for my possessing")
94 ("They that have power to hurt and will do none")
97 ("How like a winter hath my absence been")
98 ("From you have I been absent in the spring")
106 ("When in the chronicle of wasted time")
107 ("Not mine own fears, nor the prophetic soul")
110 ("Alas, ‘tis true I have gone here and there")
116 ("Let me not to the marriage of true minds")
126 ("O thou, my lovely boy, who in thy power")
127 ("In the old age black was not counted fair")
128 ("How oft when thou, my music, music play’st")
129 ("Th’ expense of spirit in a waste of shame")
130 ("My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun")
135 ("Whoever hath her wish, thou hast thy Will")
138 ("When my love swears that she is made of truth")
144 ("Two loves I have of comfort and despair")
146 ("Poor soul, the center of my sinful earth")
147 ("My love is as a fever, longing still")
The First Part of King Henry the Fourth
The Tragedy of King Lear
Kinds of Prose and Poetry
TRANSLATING THE BIBLE
Isaiah 53.3 6
From The Coverdale Bible
From The Great Bible
From The Geneva Bible
From The Rheims-Douai Bible
From The King James Bible
SIR THOMAS HOBY (1530–1566)
Castiglione’s The Courtier
From Book 1 [Grace]
From Book 4 [The Ladder of Love]
ARTHUR GOLDING (1536–1605)
From Ovid’s Metamorphoses [The Four Ages]
ROGER ASCHAM (1515–1568)
The Schoolmaster
The First Book for the Youth
[Teaching Latin]
[A Talk with Lady Jane Grey]
[The Italianate Englishman]
JOHN FOXE (1516–1587)
Acts and Monuments
The Words and Behavior of the Lady Jane [Grey] upon the Scaffold
QUEEN ELIZABETH (1533–1603)
The Doubt of Future Foes
On Monsieur’s Departure
Speech to the Troops at Tilbury
GEORGE GASCOIGNE (1539–1578)
The Lullaby of a Lover
Farewell with a Mischief
JOHN LYLY (1554–1606)
Euphues: The Anatomy of Wit [Euphues Introduced]
THOMAS NASHE (1567–1601)
Spring, the Sweet Spring
A Litany in Time of Plague
Pierce Penniless, His Supplication to the Devil
An Invective Against Enemies of Poetry
The Defense of Plays
RICHARD HOOKER (1554–1600)
Of the Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity
From The Preface [On Moderation in Controversy]
From Book 1, Chapter 3 [On the Several Kinds of Law, and on the Natural Law]
From Book 1, Chapter 8 [On the Scope of Several Laws]
From Book 1, Chapter 10 [The Foundations of Society]
From Book 1, Chapter 12 [The Need for Revealed Law]
From Book 1, Chapter 16 [Conclusion]
SIR WALTER RALEGH (1552–1618)
The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd
[On the Life of Man]
[Sir Walter Ralegh to His Son]
The Lie
Farewell, False Love
Nature, That Washed Her Hands in Milk
Methought I Saw the Grave Where Laura Lay
The Author’s Epitaph, Made by Himself
From The discovery of the large, rich, and beautiful Empire of Guiana
From The History of the World
THOMAS HARIOT (1560–1621)
From A Brief and True Report of the Newfound Land of Virginia
ANONYMOUS LYRICS
Back and Side Go Bare, Go Bare
In Praise of a Contented Mind
Though Amaryllis Dance in Green
Come Away, Come, Sweet Love!
Thule, the Period of Cosmography
Madrigal ("My love in her attire doth show her wit")
The Silver Swan
Constant Penelope Sends to Thee
ROBERT SOUTHWELL (1561–1595)
The Burning Babe
THOMAS CAMPION (1567–1620)
My Sweetest Lesbia
When to Her Lute Corinna Sings
Rose-Cheeked Laura
There Is a Garden in Her Face
Think’st Thou to Seduce Me Then
Fain Would I Wed
I Care Not for These Ladies
MARY (SIDNEY) HERBERT, COUNTESS OF PEMBROKE (1562–1621)
A Dialogue Between Two Shepherds, Thenot and Piers
SIR JOHN DAVIES (1569–1626)
From Orchestra, or A Poem of Dancing [Dancing Justified]
SAMUEL DANIEL (1562–1619)
To the Right Honorable, the Lady Mary, Countess of Pembroke
Delia
33 ("When men shall find thy flower, thy glory pass")
45 ("Care-charmer Sleep, son of the sable Night")
46 ("Let others sing of knights and paladins")
Ulysses and the Siren
MICHAEL DRAYTON (1563–1631)
Idea
To the Reader of These Sonnets
6 ("How many paltry, foolish, painted things")
61 ("Since there’s no help, come let us kiss and part")
Ode. To the Virginian Voyage
FULKE GREVILLE, LORD BROOKE (1554–1628)
Caelica
37 ("Caelica, I overnight was finely used")
Chorus Sacerdotum
AEMILIA LANYER (1569–1645)
Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum
Eve’s Apology in Defense of Women
The Description of Cooke-ham
The Early Seventeenth Century (1603–1660)
JOHN DONNE (1572–1631)
The Good-Morrow
Song ("Go and catch a falling star")
The Undertaking
The Sun Rising
The Indifferent
The Canonization
Air and Angels
Break of Day
A Valediction: Of Weeping
Love’s Alchemy
The Flea
A Nocturnal upon Saint Lucy’s Day, Being the Shortest Day
The Bait
The Apparition
A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning
The Ecstasy
The Funeral
The Blossom
The Relic
A Lecture Upon the Shadow
Elegy 16. On His Mistress
Elegy 19. To His Mistress Going to Bed
Satire 3
The Storm
From An Anatomy of the World
Holy Sonnets
1 ("Thou hast made me, and shall thy work decay?")
5 ("I am a little world made cunningly")
7 ("At the round earth’s imagined corners, blow")
9 ("If poisonous minerals, and if that tree")
10 ("Death, be not proud, though some have callèd thee")
13 ("What if this present were the world’s last night?")
14 ("Batter my heart, three-personed God; for you")
17 ("Since she whom I loved hath paid her last debt")
18 ("Show me, dear Christ, thy spouse so bright and clear")
Good Friday, 1613. Riding Westward
A Hymn to Christ, at the Author’s Last Going into Germany
Hymn to God My God, in My Sickness
A Hymn to God the Father
Devotions upon Emergent Occasions
Meditation 4
Meditation 17
From Expostulation 19 [The Language of God]
From Sermon 76 [On Falling out of God’s Hand]
BEN JONSON (1572–1637)
Volpone, or The Fox
To My Book
On Something, That Walks Somewhere
To William Camden
On My First Daughter
To John Donne
On Don Surly
On Giles and Joan
On My First Son
To Lucy, Countess of Bedford, with Mr. Donne’s Satires
Inviting a Friend to Supper
Epitaph on S. P., a Child of Queen Elizabeth’s Chapel
Epitaph on Elizabeth, L. H.
To Penshurst
Song: To Celia
To Heaven
A Celebration of Charis in Ten Lyric Pieces
1. His Excuse for Loving
2. How He Saw Her
3. What He Suffered
4. Her Triumph
5. His Discourse with Cupid
6. Claiming a Second Kiss by Desert
7. Begging Another, on Color of Mending the Former
8. Urging Her of a Promise
9. Her Man Described by Her Own Dictamen
10. Another Lady’s Exception Present at the Hearing
In the Person of Womankind (In Defense of their Inconstancy)
My Picture Left in Scotland
To the Immortal Memory and Friendship of That Noble Pair, Sir Lucius Cary and Sir H.
Morison
Slow, Slow, Fresh Fount
Queen and Huntress
Still to Be Neat
Though I Am Young
To the Memory of My Beloved, The Author, Mr. William Shakespeare, and What He
Hath Left Us
Ode to Himself
Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue
From Timber: or Discoveries
FRANCIS BACON (1561–1626)
Essays
Of Truth
Of Marriage and Single Life
Of Great Place
Of Superstition
Of Plantations
Of Negotiating
Of Studies [1597 version]
Of Studies [1625 version]
From The Advancement of Learning [The Abuses of Language]
From Novum Organum [The Idols]
From The New Atlantis [Solomon’s House]
JOHN WEBSTER (1580?–1625?)
The Duchess of Malfi
ROBERT HERRICK (1591–1674)
The Argument of His Book
Upon the Loss of His Mistresses
The Vine
Dreams
Delight in Disorder
His Farewell to Sack
Corinna’s Going A-Maying
The Lily in a Crystal
To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
The Hock-Cart, or Harvest Home
Upon the Nipples of Julia’s Breast
To Blossoms
To the Water Nymphs Drinking at the Fountain
Upon Jack and Jill. Epigram
To Marygolds
His Prayer to Ben Jonson
The Bad Season Makes the Poet Sad
The Night-Piece, to Julia
Upon His Verses
His Return to London
Upon Julia’s Clothes
Upon Prue, His Maid
To His Book’s End
To His Conscience
A Grace for a Child
To His Savior. The New Year’s Gift
GEORGE HERBERT (1593–1633)
The Altar
Redemption
Easter
Easter Wings
Affliction (1)
Prayer (1)
Jordan (1)
Church Monuments
The Windows
Denial
Virtue
Man
Jordan (2)
Time
The Bunch of Grapes
The Pilgrimage
The Collar
The Pulley
The Flower
The Forerunners
Discipline
Death
Love (3)
RICHARD CRASHAW (ca. 1613–1649)
To the Infant Martyrs
I Am the Door
On the Wounds of Our Crucified Lord
On Our Crucified Lord, Naked and Bloody
In the Holy Nativity of Our Lord God: A Hymn Sung as by the Shepherds
To the Noblest and Best of Ladies, the Countess of Denbigh
The Flaming Heart
HENRY VAUGHAN (1621–1695)
A Rhapsody
Regeneration
The Retreat
Silence, and Stealth of Days!
Corruption
Unprofitableness
The World
I Walked the Other Day (To Spend My Hour)
They Are All Gone into the World of Light!
The Night
The Waterfall
ANDREW MARVELL (1621–1678)
The Coronet
Bermudas
A Dialogue Between the Soul and Body
The Nymph Complaining for the Death of Her Fawn
To His Coy Mistress
The Definition of Love
The Picture of Little T. C. in a Prospect of Flowers
The Mower Against Gardens
Damon the Mower
The Mower to the Glowworms
The Mower’s Song
The Garden
An Horatian Ode
JOHN MILTON (1608–1674)
On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity
On Shakespeare
L’Allegro
Il Penseroso
Lycidas
The Reason of Church Government Urged Against Prelaty
[Plans and Projects]
From Areopagitica
sonnets
How Soon Hath Time
On the New Forcers of Conscience Under the Long Parliament
To the Lord General Cromwell
When I Consider How My Light Is Spent
On the Late Massacre in Piedmont
Methought I Saw My Late Espousèd Saint
Paradise Lost
Book 1
Book 2
Book 3
[The Invocation, the Council in Heaven, and the Conclusion of Satan’s
Journey]
Book 4
[Satan’s Entry into Paradise; Adam and Eve in their Bower]
Book 5
[Eve’s Dream: Trouble in Paradise]
[A Visit with the Angel: The Scale of Nature]
[Book 6. Summary]
Book 7
[The Invocation]
Book 8
[Adam Describes His Own Creation, and that of Eve; Having Repeated
His Warning, the Angel Departs]
Book 9
Book 10
[Consequences of the Fall]
[Adam, Eve, and the First Steps to Redemption]
[Book 11. Summary]
Book 12
[The Departure from Eden]
Samson Agonistes
literary modes of the early seventeenth century
ROBERT BURTON (1577–1640)
The Anatomy of Melancholy
From Love Melancholy
THOMAS HOBBES (1588–1679)
Leviathan
From The Introduction [The Artificial Man]
Part 1
Chapter 1. Of Sense
Chapter 13. Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning Their
Felicity and Misery
Chapter 14. Of the First and Second Natural Laws
From Chapter 15. Of Other Laws of Nature
IZAAK WALTON (1593–1683)
The Life of Dr. John Donne
[Donne on His Deathbed]
SIR THOMAS BROWNE (1605–1682)
Religio Medici
Part 1, Sections 1 6, 9, 15, 16, 34, 59
Part 2, Section 11
Hydriotaphia, Urn-Burial
Chapter 5
LADY MARY WROTH (1587?–1651?)
The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania
The First Book
Song ("Love what art thou? A vain thought")
Pamphilia to Amphilanthus
1 ("When night’s black mantle could most darkness prove")
16 ("Am I thus conquered? Have I lost the powers")
28 Song ("Sweetest love, return again")
40 ("False hope which feeds but to destroy, and spill")
68 ("My pain, still smothered in my grievèd breast")
74 Song ("Love a child is ever crying")
From A Crown of Sonnets Dedicated to Love
77 ("In this strange labyrinth how shall I turn?")
HENRY KING (1592–1669)
The Exequy
THOMAS CAREW (1595–1640)
An Elegy upon the Death of the Dean of Paul’s, Dr. John Donne
To Ben Jonson
A Song ("Ask me no more where Jove bestows")
A Rapture
SIR JOHN SUCKLING (1609–1642)
Song ("Why so pale and wan, fond lover?")
Loving and Beloved
Out upon It!
RICHARD LOVELACE (1618–1657)
To Lucasta, Going to the Wars
To Althea, from Prison
The Grasshopper
Love Made in the First Age. To Chloris
EDMUND WALLER (1606–1687)
The Story of Phoebus and Daphne Applied
Song ("Go, lovely rose!")
SIR JOHN DENHAM (1615–1669)
Cooper’s Hill
[Chertsey Abbey and the Thames]
ABRAHAM COWLEY (1618–1667)
Ode: Of Wit
MARGARET LUCAS CAVENDISH, DUCHESS OF NEWCASTLE (1623–1673)
The Pastime of the Queen of Fairies
KATHERINE PHILIPS (1632–1664)
To Mrs. M. A. at Parting
On the Death of My First and Dearest Child, Hector Philips
THOMAS TRAHERNE (1637–1674)
Wonder
On Leaping over the Moon
voices of the war
LUCY HUTCHINSON (1620–after 1675)
Memoirs of Colonel Hutchinson
[A Confrontation]
LADY ANNE HALKETT (1622–1699)
The Memoirs
[Springing the Duke]
JOHN LILBURNE (1615?–1657)
The Picture of the Council of State
[Lilburne Defies the Authorities]
GERRARD WINSTANLEY (1609?–1676?)
From The True Levelers’ Standard Advanced
ABIEZER COPPE (1619–1672)
From A Fiery Flying Roll
DOROTHY OSBORNE (1627–1695)
The Letters of Dorothy Osborne
["Servants"]
[Fighting with Brother John]
EDWARD HYDE, EARL OF CLARENDON (1609–1674)
The History of the Rebellion
[The Character of Oliver Cromwell]
Termini: John Locke and Isaac Newton
JOHN LOCKE (1632–1704)
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
From The Epistle to the Reader
SIR ISAAC NEWTON (1642–1727)
From A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton, Professor of the Mathematics in the University of Cambridge, Containing His New Theory about Light and Colors
The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century (1660–1785)
JOHN DRYDEN (1631–1700)
Annus Mirabilis
[London Reborn]
Song from Marriage à la Mode
Absalom and Achitophel: A Poem
Mac Flecknoe
To the Memory of Mr. Oldham
To the Pious Memory of the Accomplished Young Lady Mrs. Anne Killigrew
A Song for St. Cecilia’s Day
Epigram on Milton
Alexander’s Feast
The Secular Masque
criticism
An Essay of Dramatic Poesy
[Two Sorts of Bad Poetry]
[The Wit of the Ancients: The Universal]
[Shakespeare and Ben Jonson Compared]
The Author’s Apology for Heroic Poetry and Heroic License
["Boldness" of Figures and Tropes Defended: The Appeal to "Nature"]
[Wit as "Propriety"]
A Discourse Concerning the Original and Progress of Satire
[The Art of Satire]
The Preface to Fables Ancient and Modern
[In Praise of Chaucer]
SAMUEL PEPYS (1633–1703)
The Diary
[The Great Fire]
JOHN BUNYAN (1628–1688)
From Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners
The Pilgrim’s Progress
[Christian Sets out for the Celestial City]
[The Slough of Despond]
[Vanity Fair]
[The River of Death and the Celestial City]
APHRA BEHN (1640?–1689)
Oroonoko, or The Royal Slave
WILLIAM CONGREVE (1670–1729)
The Way of the World
MARY ASTELL (1666–1731)
From Some Reflections upon Marriage
DANIEL DEFOE (ca. 1660–1731)
Roxana
[The Cons of Marriage]
poetry: augustan modes
SAMUEL BUTLER (1612–1680)
Hudibras
From Part 1, Canto 1
JOHN WILMOT, SECOND EARL OF ROCHESTER (1647–1680)
The Disabled Debauchee
ANNE FINCH, COUNTESS OF WINCHILSEA (1661–1720)
The Introduction
A Nocturnal Reverie
MATTHEW PRIOR (1664–1721)
An Epitaph
A True Maid
A Better Answer
JOHN GAY (1685–1732)
The Birth of the Squire. An Eclogue
Songs from The Beggar’s Opera
Were I Laid on Greenland’s Coast
If the Heart of a Man Is Depressed with Cares
Since Laws Were Made for Every Degree
Recitativo and Air from Acis and Galatea
LADY MARY WORTLEY MONTAGU (1689–1762)
The Lover: A Ballad
Epistle from Mrs. Yonge to Her Husband
JONATHAN SWIFT (1667–1745)
A Description of a City Shower
Stella’s Birthday, 1721
Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift
A Tale of a Tub
A Digression Concerning the Original, the Use, and Improvement of Madness in a Commonwealth
Abolishing of Christianity in England
Gulliver’s Travels
A Letter from Captain Gulliver to His Cousin Sympson
The Publisher to the Reader
Part 1. A Voyage to Lilliput
Part 2. A Voyage to Brobdingnag
Part 3. A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Glubbdubdrib, Luggnagg, and Japan
Chapter 2 [The Flying Island of Laputa]
Chapter 5 [The Academy of Lagado]
Chapter 10 [The Struldbruggs]
Part 4. A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms
A Modest Proposal
JOSEPH ADDISON (1672–1719) and SIR RICHARD STEELE (1672–1729)
The Periodical Essay: Manners
Steele: [The Gentleman; The Pretty Fellow] (Tatler 21)
Steele: [Dueling] (Tatler 25)
Steele: [The Spectator’s Club] (Spectator 2)
Addison: [Sir Roger at Church] (Spectator 112)
Addison: [Sir Roger at the Assizes] (Spectator 122)
The Periodical Essay: Ideas
Addison: [The Aims of the Spectator] (Spectator 10)
Addison: [Wit: True, False, Mixed] (Spectator 62)
Addison: [Paradise Lost: General Critical Remarks] (Spectator 267)
Addison: [On the Scale of Being] (Spectator 519)
ALEXANDER POPE (1688–1744)
An Essay on Criticism
The Rape of the Lock
Ode on Solitude
Epistle to Miss Blount
Eloisa to Abelard
An Essay on Man
Epistle 1. Of the Nature and State of Man, With Respect to the Universe
From Epistle 2. Of the Nature and State of Man With Respect to Himself, as an Individual
Epistle 2. To a Lady
Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot
The Dunciad: From Book the Fourth
[The Educator]
[The Carnation and the Butterfly]
[The Triumph of Dulness]
SAMUEL JOHNSON (1709–1784)
The Vanity of Human Wishes
Prologue Spoken by Mr. Garrick
On the Death of Dr. Robert Levet
A Short Song of Congratulation
Translation of Horace, Odes, Book 4.7
Rambler No. 5 [On Spring]
Idler No. 31 [On Idleness]
The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia
[A Brief to Free a Slave]
Rambler No. 4 [On Fiction]
Rambler No. 60 [Biography]
A Dictionary of the English Language
From Preface
[Some Definitions: A Small Anthology]
The Preface to Shakespeare
[Shakespeare’s Excellence. General Nature]
[Shakespeare’s Faults. The Three Dramatic Unities]
[Henry IV]
[King Lear]
lives of the poets
Cowley
[Metaphysical Wit]
Milton
[Lycidas]
[L’Allegro, Il Penseroso]
[Paradise Lost]
Pope
[Pope’s Intellectual Character. Pope and Dryden Compared]
JAMES BOSWELL (1740–1795)
Boswell on the Grand Tour
[Boswell Interviews Voltaire]
The Life of Samuel Johnson, LL.D.
[Plan of the Life]
[Johnson’s Early Years. Marriage and London]
[The Letter to Chesterfield]
[A Memorable Year: Boswell Meets Johnson]
[Goldsmith. Sundry Opinions. Johnson Meets His King]
[Fear of Death]
[Ossian. "Talking for Victory"]
[Dinner with Wilkes]
[Dread of Solitude]
["A Bottom of Good Sense." Bet Flint. "Clear Your Mind of Cant"]
[Johnson Prepares for Death]
[Johnson Faces Death]
the poetry of sensibility
JAMES THOMSON (1700–1748)
The Seasons
From Autumn [Evening and Night]
Ode: Rule, Britannia
THOMAS GRAY (1716–1771)
Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College
Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
WILLIAM COLLINS (1721–1759)
Ode Written in the Beginning of the Year 1746
Ode on the Poetical Character
Ode to Evening
Ode on the Death of Mr. Thomson
CHRISTOPHER SMART (1722–1771)
Jubilate Agno
[My Cat Jeoffry]
A Song to David
OLIVER GOLDSMITH (ca. 1730–1774)
The Deserted Village
GEORGE CRABBE (1754–1832)
The Village
Book 1
WILLIAM COWPER (1731–1800)
The Task
Book 1
[A Landscape Described. Rural Sounds]
[Crazy Kate]
Book 3
[The Stricken Deer]
Book 4
[The Winter Evening: A Brown Study]
The Castaway
POEMS IN PROCESS
John Milton
Lycidas
Alexander Pope
The Rape of the Lock
An Essay on Man
Samuel Johnson
The Vanity of Human Wishes
Thomas Gray
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHIES
Suggested General Readings
The Middle Ages
The Sixteenth Century
The Early Seventeenth Century
The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century
BRITISH MONEY
THE BRITISH BARONAGE
The Royal Lines of England and Great Britain
RELIGIOUS SECTS IN ENGLAND
POETIC FORMS AND LITERARY TERMINOLOGY
ILLUSTRATIONS
The Universe According to Ptolemy
A London Playhouse of Shakespeare’s Time
INDEX

Volume 2


PREFACE TO THE SIXTH EDITION
The Romantic Period (1785–1830)
WILLIAM BLAKE (1757–1827)
Poetical Sketches
To Spring
To Autumn
To the Evening Star
Song ("How sweet I roam’d from field to field")
Song ("Memory, hither come")
Mad Song
To the Muses
All Religions Are One
There Is No Natural Religion [a]
There Is No Natural Religion [b]
Songs of Innocence and of Experience
Introduction
The Ecchoing Green
The Lamb
The Little Black Boy
The Chimney Sweeper
The Divine Image
Holy Thursday
Nurse’s Song
Infant Joy
Songs of Experience
Introduction
Earth’s Answer
The Clod & the Pebble
Holy Thursday
The Chimney Sweeper
Nurse’s Song
The Sick Rose
The Fly
The Tyger
My Pretty Rose Tree
Ah Sun-flower
The Garden of Love
London
The Human Abstract
Infant Sorrow
A Poison Tree
To Tirzah
A Divine Image
The Book of Thel
Visions of the Daughters of Albion
The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
A Song of Liberty
From Blake’s Notebook
Mock on, Mock on, Voltaire, Rousseau
Never pain to tell thy love
I askèd a thief
The Mental Traveller
And did those feet
From A Vision of The Last Judgment
[Four Letters on Sight and Vision]
To Dr. John Trusler (Aug. 23, 1799)
To Thomas Butts (Nov. 22, 1802)
To William Hayley (Oct. 23, 1804)
To George Cumberland (Apr. 12, 1827)
ROBERT BURNS (1759–1796)
To a Mouse
To a Louse
Green grow the rashes
Holy Willie’s Prayer
Tam o’ Shanter
Afton Water
Ae fond kiss
Ye flowery banks
Scots, wha hae
For A’ That and A’ That
A Red, Red Rose
Auld Lang Syne
MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT (1759–1797)
A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Introduction
Chap. 2. The Prevailing Opinion of a Sexual Character Discussed
From Chap. 4. Observations on the State of Degradation to Which Woman Is
Reduced by Various Causes
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH (1770–1850)
From Lyrical Ballads
Simon Lee
We Are Seven
Lines Written in Early Spring
Expostulation and Reply
The Tables Turned
Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey
Preface to Lyrical Ballads (1802)
[The Subject and Language of Poetry]
["What Is a Poet?"]
["Emotion Recollected in Tranquillity"]
Strange fits of passion have I known
She dwelt among the untrodden ways
Three years she grew
A slumber did my spirit seal
I travelled among unknown men
Lucy Gray
The Two April Mornings
Nutting
The Ruined Cottage
Michael
Written in March
Resolution and Independence
I wandered lonely as a cloud
My heart leaps up
Ode: Intimations of Immortality
Ode to Duty
The Solitary Reaper
Elegiac Stanzas
sonnets
Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802
It is a beauteous evening
London, 1802
The world is too much with us
Surprised by joy
Mutability
Steamboats, Viaducts, and Railways
Extempore Effusion upon the Death of James Hogg
Prospectus to The Recluse
the prelude, or growth of a poet’s mind
Book First. Introduction, Childhood, and School-time
Book Second. School-time continued
Book Third. Residence at Cambridge
[Experiences at St. John’s College. The "Heroic Argument"]
Book Fourth. Summer Vacation
[The Walks with His Terrier. The Circuit of the Lake]
["The Surface of Past Time." The Walk Home from the Dance. The Discharged
Soldier]
Book Fifth. Books
[The Dream of the Arab]
[The Boy of Winander]
["The Mystery of Words"]
Book Sixth. Cambridge, and the Alps
["Human Nature Seeming Born Again"]
[Crossing Simplon Pass]
Book Seventh. Residence in London
[The Blind Beggar. Bartholomew Fair]
Book Eighth. Retrospect, Love of Nature leading to Love of Man
[The Shepherd in the Mist. Man Still Subordinate to Nature]
Book Ninth. Residence in France
[Paris and Orléans. Becomes a "Patriot"]
Book Tenth. France continued
[The Revolution: Paris and England]
[The Reign of Terror. Nightmares]
Book Eleventh. France, concluded
[Retrospect: "Bliss Was It in That Dawn." Recourse to "Reason’s Naked Self"]
[Crisis, Breakdown, and Recovery]
Book Twelfth. Imagination and Taste, how impaired and restored
Book Thirteenth. Subject concluded
[Return to "Life’s Familiar Face"]
[Discovery of His Poetic Subject. Salisbury Plain. Sight of "a New World"]
Book Fourteenth. Conclusion
[The Vision on Mount Snowdon. Fear vs. Love Resolved. Imagination]
[Conclusion: "The Mind of Man"]
DOROTHY WORDSWORTH (1771–1855)
From The Alfoxden Journal
From The Grasmere Journals
SIR WALTER SCOTT (1771–1832)
The Two Drovers
Lochinvar
Jock of Hazeldean
The Dreary Change
Proud Maisie
Lucy Ashton’s Song
SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE (1772–1834)
The Eolian Harp
This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Kubla Khan
Christabel
Frost at Midnight
Dejection: An Ode
The Pains of Sleep
Phantom
To William Wordsworth
Recollections of Love
On Donne’s Poetry
Work without Hope
Constancy to an Ideal Object
Epitaph
Biographia Literaria
Chapter 1
[The discipline of his taste at school]
[Bowles’s sonnets]
[Comparison between the poets before and since Mr. Pope]
Chapter 4
[Mr. Wordsworth’s earlier poems]
[On fancy and imagination—the investigation of the distinction
important to the fine arts]
Chapter 13
[On the imagination, or esemplastic power]
Chapter 14. Occasion of the Lyrical Ballads, and the objects originally
proposed— preface to the second edition—the ensuing controversy, its
causes and acrimony—philosophic definitions of a term and poetry with
scholia
Chapter 17
[Examination of the tenets peculiar to Mr. Wordsworth]
[Rustic life (above all, low and rustic life) especially unfavorable to the f
formation of a human diction—the best parts of language the products
of philosophers, not clowns or shepherds]
[The language of Milton as much the language of real life, yea,
incomparably more so than that of the cottager]
Lectures on Shakespeare
[Fancy and Imagination in Shakespeare’s Poetry]
[Mechanic vs. Organic Form]
The Statesman’s Manual
[On Symbol and Allegory]
[The Satanic Hero]
CHARLES LAMB (1775–1834)
A Letter to Wordsworth
Christ’s Hospital Five-and-Thirty Years Ago
The Two Races of Men
Old China
WILLIAM HAZLITT (1778–1830)
On Gusto
My First Acquaintance with Poets
From Mr. Wordsworth
THOMAS DE QUINCEY (1785–1859)
Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Preliminary Confessions
[The Prostitute Ann]
Introduction to the Pains of Opium
[The Malay]
The Pains of Opium
[Opium Reveries and Dreams]
On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth
Alexander Pope
[The Literature of Knowledge and the Literature of Power]
THOMAS LOVE PEACOCK (1785–1866)
The Four Ages of Poetry
The War Song of Dinas Vawr
GEORGE GORDON, LORD BYRON (1788–1824)
Written after Swimming from Sestos to Abydos
She walks in beauty
They say that Hope is happiness
When we two parted
Stanzas for Music
Darkness
So, we’ll go no more a roving
When a man hath no freedom to fight for at home
Stanzas Written on the Road between Florence and Pisa
January 22nd. Missolonghi
childe harold’s pilgrimage
Canto 1
["Sin’s Long Labyrinth"]
Canto 3
["Once More Upon the Waters"]
[Waterloo]
[Napoleon]
[Switzerland]
Canto 4
[Venice]
["Farewell!"]
Manfred
The Vision of Judgment
don juan
Fragment
Canto 1
[Juan and Donna Julia]
Canto 2
[The Shipwreck]
[Juan and Haidee]
Canto 3
[Juan and Haidee]
Canto 4
[Juan and Haidee]
Letters
Memorandum (May 22, 1811)
To Francis Hodgson (Sept. 3, 1811)
To James Hogg (Mar. 24, 1814)
To Leigh Hunt (Sept. Oct. 30, 1815)
To Thomas Moore (Jan. 28, 1817)
To John Murray (Sept. 15, 1817)
To John Cam Hobhouse and Douglas Kinnaird (Jan. 19, 1819)
To John Murray (Apr. 6, 1819)
To Douglas Kinnaird (Oct. 26, 1819)
To Percy Bysshe Shelley (Apr. 26, 1821)
PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY (1792–1822)
Mutability
To Wordsworth
Alastor; or, The Spirit of Solitude
Mont Blanc
Hymn to Intellectual Beauty
Ozymandias
Stanzas Written in Dejection—December 1818, near Naples
A Song: "Men of England"
England in 1819
To Sidmouth and Castlereagh
The Indian Girl’s Song [The Indian Serenade]
Ode to the West Wind
Prometheus Unbound
Preface
From Act 1
Act 2
Scene 4
Scene 5
Act 3
Scene 1
From Scene 4
From Act 4
The Cloud
To a Sky-Lark
Song of Apollo
To Night
To ——— [Music, when soft voices die]
The flower that smiles today
O World, O Life, O Time
Choruses from Hellas
Worlds on worlds
The world’s great age
Adonais
A Dirge
When the lamp is shattered
To Jane. The Invitation
To Jane (The keen stars were twinkling)
Lines Written in the Bay of Lerici
The Triumph of Life
From A Defence of Poetry
JOHN KEATS (1795–1821)
On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer
Sleep and Poetry
["O for Ten Years"]
On Seeing the Elgin Marbles
Endymion: A Poetic Romance
Preface
Book 1
[A Thing of Beauty]
[The "Pleasure Thermometer"]
On Sitting Down to Read King Lear Once Again
When I have fears that I may cease to be
To Homer
The Eve of St. Agnes
Why did I laugh tonight? No voice will tell
Bright star, would I were stedfast as thou art
La Belle Dame sans Merci: A Ballad
Sonnet to Sleep
Ode to Psyche
Ode to a Nightingale
Ode on a Grecian Urn
Ode on Melancholy
Ode on Indolence
Lamia
To Autumn
The Fall of Hyperion: A Dream
letters
To Benjamin Bailey (Nov. 22, 1817)
To George and Thomas Keats (Dec. 21, 27 [?], 1817)
To John Hamilton Reynolds (Feb. 3, 1818)
To John Taylor (Feb. 27, 1818)
To John Hamilton Reynolds (May 3, 1818)
To Richard Woodhouse (Oct. 27, 1818)
To George and Georgiana Keats (Feb. 14 May 3, 1819)
To Fanny Brawne (July 25, 1819)
To Percy Bysshe Shelley (Aug. 16, 1820)
To Charles Brown (Nov. 30, 1820)
MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT SHELLEY (1797–1851)
Introduction to Frankenstein
Transformation
romantic lyric poets
ANNA LAETITIA BARBAULD (1743 1825)
The Rights of Woman
To a Little Invisible Being Who Is Expected Soon to Become Visible
Life
CHARLOTTE SMITH (1749–1806)
Written at the Close of Spring
To Sleep
To Night
WILLIAM LISLE BOWLES (1762–1850)
To the River Itchin, near Winton
Languid, and sad, and slow
JOANNA BAILLIE (1762–1851)
Up! quit thy bower
Song: Woo’d and married and a’
WALTER SAVAGE LANDOR (1775–1864)
Mother, I cannot mind my wheel
Rose Aylmer
The Three Roses
Past ruined Ilion
Dirce
Twenty years hence
Well I remember how you smiled
THOMAS MOORE (1779–1852)
Believe me, if all those endearing young charms
The harp that once through Tara’s halls
The time I’ve lost in wooing
JOHN CLARE (1793–1864)
Mouse’s Nest
I Am
Clock a Clay
Song [I peeled bits of straw]
Song [Secret Love]
An Invite to Eternity
A Vision
FELICIA DOROTHEA HEMANS (1793–1835)
England’s Dead
The Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers in New England
Casabianca
GEORGE DARLEY (1795–1846)
The Phoenix
It is not Beauty I demand
The Mermaidens’ Vesper Hymn
THOMAS LOVELL BEDDOES (1803–1849)
Song ("How many times do I love thee, dear?")
Song ("Old Adam, the carrion crow")
The Phantom Wooer
The Victorian Age (1830–1901)
THOMAS CARLYLE (1795–1881)
[Carlyle’s Portraits of His Contemporaries]
[Queen Victoria at 18]
[Charles Lamb at 56]
[Samuel Taylor Coleridge at 53]
[William Wordsworth in His Seventies]
[Alfred Tennyson at 34]
[William Makepeace Thackeray at 42]
From Characteristics
Sartor Resartus
The Everlasting No
Centre of Indifference
The Everlasting Yea
Natural Supernaturalism
The French Revolution
September in Paris
Place de la Révolution
From Cause and Effect
Past and Present
From Democracy
Captains of Industry
JOHN HENRY CARDINAL NEWMAN (1801–1890)
The Idea of a University
From Discourse 5. Knowledge Its Own End
From Discourse 7. Knowledge Viewed in Relation to Professional Skill
Apologia Pro Vita Sua
From Chapter 3. History of My Religious Opinions from 1839 to 1841
From Chapter 5. Position of My Mind Since 1845
From Liberalism
JOHN STUART MILL (1806–1873)
What Is Poetry?
From Coleridge
On Liberty
From Chapter 3. Of Individuality as One of the Elements of Well-Being
The Subjection of Women
From Chapter 1
Autobiography
From Chapter 5. A Crisis in My Mental History. One Stage Onward
ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING (1806–1861)
To George Sand: A Desire
To George Sand: A Recognition
Sonnets from the Portuguese
21 ("Say over again, and yet once over again")
22 ("When our two souls stand up erect and strong")
32 ("The first time that the sun rose on thine oath")
43 ("How do I love thee? Let me count the ways")
A Year’s Spinning
Aurora Leigh
From Book 1
[The Feminine Education of Aurora Leigh]
From Book 2
[Aurora’s Aspirations]
[Aurora’s Rejection of Romney]
From Book 5
[Poets and the Present Age]
A Musical Instrument
Mother and Poet
ALFRED, LORD TENNYSON (1809–1892)
The Kraken
Mariana
Sonnet ("She took the dappled partridge flecked with blood")
The Lady of Shalott
The Lotos-Eaters
Ulysses
Tithonus
Break, Break, Break
The Epic [Morte d’Arthur]
The Eagle: A Fragment
Locksley Hall
The Princess
Sweet and Low
The Splendor Falls
Tears, Idle Tears
Ask Me No More
Now Sleeps the Crimson Petal
Come Down, O Maid
["The Woman’s Cause Is Man’s"]
From In Memoriam A. H. H.
The Charge of the Light Brigade
Maud
Part 1
6.5 ("Ah, what shall I be at fifty")
6.8 ("Perhaps the smile and tender tone")
6.10 ("I have played with her when a child")
8 ("She came to the village church")
11 ("O let the solid ground")
12 ("Birds in the high Hall-garden")
16.3 ("Catch not my breath, O clamorous heart")
18 ("I have led her home, my love, my only friend")
Part 2
4 ("O that ‘twere possible")
In the Valley of Cauteretz
Idylls of the King
Pelleas and Ettarre
The Passing of Arthur
Northern Farmer: New Style
Flower in the Crannied Wall
To Virgil
"Frater Ave atque Vale"
The Dawn
Crossing the Bar
EDWARD FITZGERALD (1809–1883)
The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám
ROBERT BROWNING (1812–1889)
Porphyria’s Lover
Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister
My Last Duchess
The Laboratory
The Lost Leader
How They Brought the Good News from Ghent to Aix
Home-Thoughts, from Abroad
Home-Thoughts, from the Sea
The Bishop Orders His Tomb at Saint Praxed’s Church
Meeting at Night
Parting at Morning
A Toccata of Galuppi’s
Memorabilia
Love Among the Ruins
Women and Roses
"Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came"
Fra Lippo Lippi
The Last Ride Together
Andrea del Sarto
Two in the Campagna
A Grammarian’s Funeral
A Woman’s Last Word
An Epistle Containing the Strange Medical Experience of Karshish, the Arab Physician
Youth and Art
Caliban upon Setebos
Prospice
Abt Vogler
Dîs Aliter Visum; or, Le Byron de Nos Jours
Rabbi Ben Ezra
Apparent Failure
House
To Edward FitzGerald
Epilogue to Asolando
EMILY BRONTË (1818–1848)
I’m Happiest When Most Away
The Night-Wind
Remembrance
Stars
The Prisoner. A Fragment
No Coward Soul Is Mine
JOHN RUSKIN (1819–1900)
Modern Painters
[A Definition of Greatness in Art]
["The Slave Ship"]
From Of the Pathetic Fallacy
The Stones of Venice
[The Savageness of Gothic Architecture]
The Storm-Cloud of the Nineteenth Century
Lecture 1
From Praeterita
ARTHUR HUGH CLOUGH (1819–1861)
Epi-strauss-ium
The Latest Decalogue
Say Not the Struggle Nought Availeth
Dipsychus
I Dreamt a Dream
"There Is No God," the Wicked Saith
GEORGE ELIOT (1819–1880)
Margaret Fuller and Mary Wollstonecraft
The Mill on the Floss
From Book First. Boy and Girl
Chapter 1. Outside Dorlcote Mill
Chapter 2. Mr. Tulliver, of Dorlcote Mill, Declares His Resolution
About Tom
Chapter 3. Mr. Riley Gives His Advice Concerning a School for Tom
Chapter 4. Tom Is Expected
Chapter 5. Tom Comes Home
MATTHEW ARNOLD (1822–1888)
To a Friend
The Forsaken Merman
Isolation. To Marguerite
To Marguerite—Continued
The Buried Life
Memorial Verses
Lines Written in Kensington Gardens
The Scholar Gypsy
Dover Beach
Stanzas from the Grande Chartreuse
Thyrsis
Growing Old
Preface to Poems (1853)
From The Function of Criticism at the Present Time
Maurice de Guérin
[A Definition of Poetry]
Culture and Anarchy
From Chapter 1. Sweetness and Light
From Chapter 2. Doing As One Likes
From Chapter 5. Porro Unum Est Necessarium
From Wordsworth
From The Study of Poetry
Literature and Science
THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY (1825–1895)
Science and Culture
[The Values of Education in the Sciences]
Agnosticism and Christianity
[Agnosticism Defined]
GEORGE MEREDITH (1828–1909)
Modern Love
1 ("By this he knew she wept with waking eyes")
2 ("It ended, and the morrow brought the task")
3 ("This was the woman; what now of the man?")
15 ("I think she sleeps; it must be sleep, when low")
16 ("In our old shipwrecked days there was an hour")
17 ("At dinner, she is hostess, I am host")
23 (" ‘Tis Christmas weather, and a country house")
35 ("It is no vulgar nature I have wived")
42 ("I am to follow her. There is much grace")
43 ("Mark where the pressing wind shoots javelinlike")
48 ("Their sense is with their senses all mixed in")
49 ("He found her by the ocean’s moaning verge")
50 ("Thus piteously Love closed what he begat")
Dirge in Woods
Lucifer in Starlight
DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI (1828–1882)
The Blessed Damozel
My Sister’s Sleep
The Sea-Limits
The Woodspurge
The House of Life
The Sonnet
4. Lovesight
Nuptial Sleep
19. Silent Noon
49. Willowwood—1
50. Willowwood—2
51. Willowwood—3
52. Willowwood—4
63. Inclusiveness
97. A Superscription
101. The One Hope
The Orchard-Pit
CHRISTINA ROSSETTI (1830–1894)
Song ("She sat and sang alway")
Song ("When I am dead, my dearest")
After Death
Dead Before Death
Cobwebs
A Triad
In An Artist’s Studio
A Birthday
An Apple-Gathering
Winter: My Secret
Up-Hill
Goblin Market
"No, Thank You, John"
Promises Like Pie-Crust
In Progress
A Life’s Parallels
Later Life
17 ("Something this foggy day, a something which")
Cardinal Newman
Sleeping at Last
WILLIAM MORRIS (1834–1896)
The Defense of Guenevere
The Haystack in the Floods
The Earthly Paradise
An Apology
A Death Song
ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE (1837–1909)
Choruses from Atalanta in Calydon
When the Hounds of Spring
Before the Beginning of Years
The Triumph of Time
I Will Go Back to the Great Sweet Mother
Hymn to Proserpine
The Garden of Proserpine
Ave Atque Vale
The Lake of Gaube
WALTER PATER (1839–1894)
The Renaissance
Preface
["La Gioconda"]
Conclusion
From The Child in the House
Appreciations
From Style
GERARD MANLEY HOPKINS (1844–1889)
God’s Grandeur
The Starlight Night
As Kingfishers Catch Fire
Spring
The Windhover
Pied Beauty
Hurrahing in Harvest
Binsey Poplars
Duns Scotus’s Oxford
Felix Randal
Spring and Fall: to a young child
[Carrion Comfort]
No Worst, There Is None
I Wake and Feel the Fell of Dark, Not Day
Thou Art Indeed Just, Lord
Light Verse
EDWARD LEAR (1812–1888)
Limerick ("There was an Old Man who supposed")
How Pleasant to Know Mr. Lear
The Jumblies
Cold Are the Crabs
LEWIS CARROLL (1832–1898)
Jabberwocky
[Humpty Dumpty’s Explication of Jabberwocky]
The White Knight’s Song
The Walrus and the Carpenter
The Hunting of the Snark
The Baker’s Tale
W. S. GILBERT (1836–1911)
When I, Good Friends, Was Called to the Bar
If You’re Anxious for to Shine in the High Aesthetic Line
When Britain Really Ruled the Waves
Victorian Issues
EVOLUTION
Charles Darwin: The Descent of Man
[Natural Selection and Sexual Selection]
Leonard Huxley: The Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley
[The Huxley-Wilberforce Debate at Oxford]
Sir Edmund Gosse: Father and Son
[The Dilemma of the Fundamentalist and Scientist]
INDUSTRIALISM: PROGRESS OR DECLINE?
Thomas Babington Macaulay: A Review of Southey’s Colloquies
[Evidence of Progress]
Friedrich Engels: From The Great Towns
Charles Kingsley: Alton Locke
[A London Slum]
Charles Dickens: Hard Times
[Coketown]
THE WOMAN QUESTION
Sarah Stickney Ellis: The Women of England: Their Social Duties and Domestic Habits
[Disinterested Kindness]
Coventry Patmore: The Angel in the House
The Paragon
Harriet Martineau: From Autobiography
Dinah Maria Mulock: A Woman’s Thoughts About Women
[Something to Do]
Florence Nightingale: Cassandra
[Nothing to Do]
Walter Besant: The Queen’s Reign
[The Transformation of Women’s Status between 1837 and 1897]
The Nineties
WILLIAM ERNEST HENLEY (1849–1903)
In Hospital
Invictus
Madam Life’s a Piece in Bloom
OSCAR WILDE (1854–1900)
Impression du Matin
Hélas
E Tenebris
The Harlot’s House
The Critic as Artist
[Criticism Itself an Art]
Preface to The Picture of Dorian Gray
The Importance of Being Earnest
FRANCIS THOMPSON (1859–1907)
The Hound of Heaven
RUDYARD KIPLING (1865–1936)
Danny Deever
The Widow at Windsor
The Ladies
Recessional
The Hyenas
ERNEST DOWSON (1867–1900)
Cynara
They Are Not Long
Carthusians
The Twentieth Century
THOMAS HARDY (1840–1928)
Hap
The Impercipient
Neutral Tones
I Look into My Glass
A Broken Appointment
Drummer Hodge
The Darkling Thrush
The Ruined Maid
A Trampwoman’s Tragedy
One We Knew
She Hears the Storm
Channel Firing
The Convergence of the Twain
Ah, Are You Digging on My Grave?
Under the Waterfall
The Walk
The Voice
The Workbox
During Wind and Rain
In Time of "The Breaking of Nations"
He Never Expected Much
BERNARD SHAW (1856–1950)
Mrs. Warren’s Profession
JOSEPH CONRAD (1857–1924)
Preface to The Nigger of the "Narcissus"
[The Task of the Artist]
Heart of Darkness
A. E. HOUSMAN (1859–1936)
Loveliest of Trees
When I Was One-and-Twenty
To an Athlete Dying Young
Bredon Hill
On Wenlock Edge
With Rue My Heart Is Laden
Terence, This Is Stupid Stuff
The Chestnut Casts His Flambeaux
Could Man Be Drunk Forever
Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries
Poetry of World War I
RUPERT BROOKE (1887–1915)
The Soldier
EDWARD THOMAS (1878–1917)
Adlestrop
Tears
The Owl
Rain
The Cherry Trees
As the Team’s Head Brass
SIEGFRIED SASSOON (1886–1967)
"They"
The Rear-Guard
The General
Glory of Women
Everyone Sang
On Passing the New Menin Gate
IVOR GURNEY (1890–1937)
To His Love
Towards Lillers
The Silent One
December 30th
ISAAC ROSENBERG (1890–1918)
Break of Day in the Trenches
Louse Hunting
Returning, We Hear the Larks
Dead Man’s Dump
WILFRED OWEN (1893–1918)
Anthem for Doomed Youth
Apologia Pro Poemate Meo
Miners
Dulce Et Decorum Est
Strange Meeting
Futility
Disabled
MAY WEDDERBURN CANNAN (1893–1973)
Rouen
DAVID JONES (1895–1974)
In Parenthesis
From Preface
From Part 7: The Five Unmistakeable Marks
* * *
WILLIAM BUTLER YEATS (1865–1939)
The Madness of King Goll
The Stolen Child
Down by the Salley Gardens
The Rose of the World
The Lake Isle of Innisfree
The Sorrow of Love
When You Are Old
Who Goes with Fergus?
The Man Who Dreamed of Faeryland
The Secret Rose
The Folly of Being Comforted
Adam’s Curse
No Second Troy
The Fascination of What’s Difficult
September 1913
To a Shade
A Coat
The Wild Swans at Coole
In Memory of Major Robert Gregory
Easter 1916
The Second Coming
A Prayer for My Daughter
Sailing to Byzantium
Leda and the Swan
Among School Children
A Dialogue of Self and Soul
For Anne Gregory
Byzantium
Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop
After Long Silence
Lapis Lazuli
Long-Legged Fly
The Circus Animals’ Desertion
Under Ben Bulben
Reveries over Childhood and Youth
[The Yeats Family]
[An Irish Literature]
The Trembling of the Veil
[London and Pre-Raphaelitism]
[Oscar Wilde]
[The Handiwork of Art]
[The Origin of The Lake Isle of Innisfree]
[The Rhymers’ Club]
E. M. FORSTER (1879–1970)
The Road from Colonus
VIRGINIA WOOLF (1882–1941)
The Mark on the Wall
Modern Fiction
A Room of One’s Own
Professions for Women
A Sketch of the Past
[Moments of Being and Non-Being]
The Legacy
JAMES JOYCE (1882–1941)
The Dead
Ulysses
[Proteus]
[Lestrygonians]
Finnegans Wake
From Anna Livia Plurabelle
D. H. LAWRENCE (1885–1930)
Odor of Chrysanthemums
The Horse-Dealer’s Daughter
Etruscan Places
From Tarquinia
Why the Novel Matters
Love on the Farm
Piano
Tortoise Shell
Tortoise Shout
Bavarian Gentians
Snake
Cypresses
How Beastly the Bourgeois Is
The Ship of Death
EDITH SITWELL (1887–1964)
Façade
Trio for Two Cats and a Trombone
Sir Beelzebub
Still Falls the Rain
The Poet Laments the Coming of Old Age
T. S. ELIOT (1888–1965)
The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
Sweeney Among the Nightingales
The Hippopotamus
The Waste Land
Journey of the Magi
Marina
Landscapes
Rannoch, by Glencoe
Cape Ann
Four Quartets
Little Gidding
Tradition and the Individual Talent
The Metaphysical Poets
KATHERINE MANSFIELD (1888–1923)
The Daughters of the Late Colonel
The Garden-Party
HUGH MacDIARMID (1892–1978)
The Watergaw
Moonstruck
The Eemis Stane
A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle
1. Farewell to Dostoevski
2. Yet Ha’e I Silence Left
In Memoriam James Joyce
We Must Look at the Harebell
In the Children’s Hospital
Another Epitaph on an Army of Mercenaries
ROBERT GRAVES (1895–1985)
Down, Wanton, Down!
Love Without Hope
The Cool Web
The Reader Over My Shoulder
The Devil’s Advice to Story-tellers
A Love Story
To Juan at the Winter Solstice
The White Goddess
The Blue-Fly
A Plea to Boys and Girls
A Slice of Wedding Cake
STEVIE SMITH (1902–1971)
Is It Wise?
Our Bog Is Dood
Not Waving but Drowning
The New Age
Thoughts About the Person from Porlock
Exeat
Pretty
GEORGE ORWELL (1903–1950)
Shooting an Elephant
Politics and the English Language
SAMUEL BECKETT (1906–1989)
Happy Days
W. H. AUDEN (1907–1973)
Petition
On This Island
Spain 1937
Musée des Beaux Arts
Lullaby
In Memory of W. B. Yeats
Their Lonely Betters
In Praise of Limestone
The Shield of Achilles
LOUIS MacNEICE (1907–1963)
Sunday Morning
Carrickfergus
The Sunlight on the Garden
Bagpipe Music
Soap Suds
Star-Gazer
DYLAN THOMAS (1914–1953)
The Force That Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower
After the Funeral
There Was a Saviour
The Hunchback in the Park
Poem in October
Fern Hill
Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night
poetry of world war ii
HENRY REED (1914–1986)
Lessons of the War
1. Naming of Parts
2. Judging Distances
4. Unarmed Combat
ALUN LEWIS (1915–1944)
All Day It Has Rained
Goodbye
Song (On seeing dead bodies floating off the Cape)
KEITH DOUGLAS (1920–1944)
Gallantry
Vergissmeinnicht
Aristocrats
CHARLES CAUSLEY (b. 1917)
At the British War Cemetery, Bayeux
Armistice Day
* * *
DORIS LESSING (b. 1919)
To Room Nineteen
PHILIP LARKIN (1922–1985)
Church Going
MCMXIV
Talking in Bed
Ambulances
High Windows
Sad Steps
The Explosion
Aubade
NADINE GORDIMER (b. 1923)
The Moment before the Gun Went Off
THOM GUNN (b. 1929)
A Map of the City
Black Jackets
Considering the Snail
My Sad Captains
From the Wave
EDNA O’BRIEN (b. 1930)
Sister Imelda
TED HUGHES (b. 1930)
Wind
Relic
Pike
Examination at the Womb-Door
Theology
The Seven Sorrows
River
DEREK WALCOTT (b. 1930)
A Far Cry from Africa
Nights in the Gardens of Port of Spain
The Glory Trumpeter
Midsummer
HAROLD PINTER (b. 1930)
The Dumb Waiter
GEOFFREY HILL (b. 1932)
In Memory of Jane Fraser
Requiem for the Plantagenet Kings
September Song
Mercian Hymns
6 ("The princes of Mercia were badger and raven. Thrall")
7 ("Gasholders, russet among fields. Milldams, marlpools")
28 ("Processes of generation; deeds of settlement. The")
30 ("And it seemed, while we waited, he began to walk")
Lachrimae
1. Lachrimae Verae
An Apology for the Revival of Christian Architecture in England
9. The Laurel Axe
FLEUR ADCOCK (b. 1934)
The Ex-Queen Among the Astronomers
Poem Ended by a Death
The Soho Hospital for Women
TONY HARRISON (b. 1937)
Heredity
National Trust
Book Ends
Long Distance
Turns
Marked with D.
TOM STOPPARD (b. 1937)
The Real Inspector Hound
SEAMUS HEANEY (b. 1939)
Digging
The Forge
Punishment
Casualty
The Skunk
Station Island
12 ("Like a convalescent, I took the hand")
A Ship of Death
SUSAN HILL (b. 1942)
How Soon Can I Leave?
CRAIG RAINE (b. 1945)
The Onion, Memory
A Martian Sends a Postcard Home
JAMES FENTON (b. 1949)
A German Requiem
Wind
POEMS IN PROCESS
William Blake
The Tyger
William Wordsworth
She dwelt among the untrodden ways
George Gordon, Lord Byron
Don Juan
Percy Bysshe Shelley
O World, O Life, O Time
John Keats
The Eve of St. Agnes
To Autumn
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
The Lady of Shalott
Tithonus
Gerard Manley Hopkins
Thou art indeed just, Lord
William Butler Yeats
The Sorrow of Love
Leda and the Swan
After Long Silence
D. H. Lawrence
The Piano

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHIES
Suggested General Readings
The Romantic Period
The Victorian Age
The Twentieth Century

BRITISH MONEY

THE BRITISH BARONAGE
The Royal Lines of England and Great Britain

RELIGIOUS SECTS IN ENGLAND

POETIC FORMS AND LITERARY TERMINOLOGY

INDEX