1. The British Empire.
  2. A durbar, or formal reception, held in Delhi in 1876 to celebrate the queen's new title of empress of India. From Lytton Strachey, The Illustrated Queen Victoria (1921).
  3. British schoolchildren celebrate "Empire Day."
  4. John Ruskin (1819–1900). Self-portrait, in blue neckcloth.
  5. A color lithograph entitled The Modern Civilization of Europe — France in Morocco & England in Egypt depicts a British soldier and a French soldier toasting France's protectorate status over Morocco, begun in 1912, and England's protectorate status over Egypt, begun in 1914 (ca. 1914).
  6. British trench at the scene of the battle of Spion Kop, Natal, South Africa (ca. 1900).
  7. Jamaica.
  8. Sir George Anderson, the newly appointed governor of Ceylon, meets with native chiefs (1851).
  9. Official Diamond Jubilee portrait of Queen Victoria (ca. 1897).
  10. The Diamond Jubilee parade (1897).
  11. African military officers gathered for the Diamond Jubilee (1897).
  12. British Labour Party leader Clement Attlee (1955).
  13. Captain Lord Louis Mountbatten (1942).
  14. The new viceroy of India, Lord Mountbatten, and his wife, Lady Mountbatten, meet Mahatma Gandhi at their house in New Delhi (1947). CORBIS/Hulton-Deutsch Collection.
  15. A map showing the dividing line between the two sovereign states of the Dominion of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Highlighted here is the region known as the Punjab, which the partition split between India (Punjab outlined in green and red) and Pakistan (Punjab outlined in red only).
  16. Mohammed Ali Jinnah, founder and Governor General of the state of Pakistan (1948).
  17. Trains piled with refugees in Amritsar, India (1947).
  18. Mountbatten meets with leaders of the Indian political parties at his residence in New Delhi (1947).
  19. Lord and Lady Mountbatten, the last viceroy and vicereine of India, just prior to their departure from India (1948).
  20. Muslims living in London raising the new Pakistan flag to celebrate the granting of dominion and status to Pakistan and India by the British government (1947). CORBIS/Bettmann.
  21. India's prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, in New Delhi (1954).
  22. Pandit Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi during the All-India Congress Committee session, August 8, 1942, when the "Quit India" resolution was adopted, calling for the immediate dissolution of British rule. The following morning, British authorities arrested Gandhi and Nehru, along with other top Indian political leaders.
  23. In the Constituent Assembly in New Delhi, Pandit Nehru moves the resolution for an independent, sovereign republic (1947).
  24. Chinua Achebe in 1972, from Chinua Achebe: A Biography.
  25. Joseph Conrad, ca. 1911.
  26. A man poles a canoe on the Congo River (ca. 1950).
  27. Fisherman pole their boat out into the Congo River (ca. 1950).
  28. Women of the Belgian Congo (early twentieth century).
  29. Portrait of Leopold II, King of Belgium (ca. 1905).
  30. Albert Schweitzer with an African child in Lambarene (1933).

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