Direction for the Plantation in Ulster, containing
in it six principal things:
- The securing of that wild country to
the crown of England;
- The withdrawing of all the charge of
the garrison and men of war;
- The rewarding of the old servitors to
their good content;
- The means how to increase the revenue
to the Crown, with a yearly very great
- How to establish the purity of religion
- And how the undertakers may with security
The frowning countenance of chance and change
(for nothing so certain as that all things
are most uncertain) doth also incite a provident
>> note 1 to lay such a foundation, as
it should be rather a violent storm than
a fret of foul weather that should annoy
him. A scattered plantation will never
effect his desire. What can the countenance
of a castle or bawn
>> note 2 with a few followers do? Even
as they at present do, which is nothing
to any purpose.
What shall we then say? Or to what course
shall we betake ourselves? Surely by building
of a well-fortified town, to be able at any
time at an hour's warning with five hundred
men well-armed to encounter all occasions.
Neither will that be sufficient, except that
be seconded with such another, and that also
(if it may be, as easily it may) with a third.
So there will be help on every side, to defend
and offend. For as in England, if a privy
watch be set, many malefactors are apprehended,
even amongst their cups. So there when the
spaces in the woods be cut out, and the bogs
be made somewhat passable, then these new-erected
towns, intending a reformation, must often
times at the first set a universal great
hunt, that a sudden search may be made in
all suspicious places for the wolf and the
>> note 3 which being secretly and wisely
appointed by the governors, they with the
help of some Irish, well-acquainted with
the holes and holds of those offenders,
the generality shall search every particular
place. . . .
They shall discover all the caves, holes,
and lurking places of that country, even
for a hundred miles' compass. And no
doubt it will be a pleasant hunt, and much
prey will fall to the followers; for what
doth escape some, will fall to the hands
of others, and bring such a terror, that
the wolf himself will not dare to continue
his haunt, where such so sudden incursions
shall be used, although it be but once in
a month; the charge none, the pleasure much,
the profit more.
Oh, this word "mine" is a strong
warrior, every man for his own will adventure
far; the mercenary rutter
>> note 4 will often times have his charge
empty with men, when his purse shall be
full with dead pays.
>> note 5 This, my valiant and provident
warrior "mine," he will rather
increase than decrease his number, he doth
watch and ward night and day without ceasing.
Therefore in this our undertaking, let
all the people be such as shall enjoy every
man more or less of his own, and if they
were such as had no other estate than there,
it were the better.
To conclude, what art thou? One whom kindness,
>> note 6 or want of wit hath decayed?
Make speed, get thee to Ulster, serve God,
be sober; if thou canst not govern, be
governed. Thou shalt recover thyself, and
thy happiness there will make thee rejoice
at thy former fortunes.
Art thou rich, possessed with much revenue?
Make speed: without racking of rents, or
other offensive means, thou shalt do God
and thy prince excellent service. Thou hast
the three-braided band which will bind bears,
>> note 7 use there thy talent, it will
be quickly a million.
Art thou a poor indigent fellow, and hast
>> note 8 nor money? Go not thither,
for though there be plenty of all things,
thou shalt starve there. Loiterers and
lewd persons in this our new world, they
shall not be endured. Art thou a tradesman?
A smith, a weaver, a mason, or a carpenter?
Go thither, thou shalt be in estimation,
and quickly enriched by thy endeavors. . . .
Art thou a gentleman that takest pleasure
in hunt? The fox, the wolf, and the wood-kern
do expect thy coming; and the comely well-cabazed
>> note 9 stag will furnish thy feast
with a full dish. There thou shalt have
elbow room. . . .
Art thou a minister of God's word? Make
speed, the harvest is great, but the laborers
be few. Thou shalt there see the poor ignorant
untaught people worship stones and sticks.
Thou, by carrying millions to heaven, mayest
be made an archangel, and have, whiles thou
dost live, for worldly respects, what not?
* * *
The Conclusion, containing an Exhortation
Fair England, thy flourishing sister, brave
Hibernia, with most respective terms commendeth
unto thy due consideration her youngest daughter,
depopulated Ulster; not doubting (for it
cannot but come unto thy understanding) how
the long continuance of lamentable wars have
raced and utterly defaced whatsoever was
beautiful in her to behold; and hath so bereaved
all her royalties, goodly ornaments, and
>> note 10 as there remaineth but only
the majesty of her naked personage, which
even in that plight is such, as whosoever
shall seek and search all Europe's
best bowers shall not find many that may
make with her comparison.
Behold the admirable worth of her worthiness!
Even now he gives the world to understand,
by testimonial known sufficiently to all
that know her, that if thou wilt but now
assist her with means to erect her ruins,
she will nourish thee with much dainty provision,
and so furnish thee, as thou shalt not need
to send to thy neighbor kingdoms for corn,
nor to the Netherlands for fine holland.
>> note 11 She will in requital of thy
kindness provide those things, with some
other, such as thy heart most desireth.
Art thou overcharged with people? Ulster,
her excellency, will embrace that thy overplus
in her amorous sweet arms. . . .