Two Households

From Anne Clifford's Diary for 1616–19

Clifford always refers to her husband, Dorset, as "my Lord," and to her daughter as "the Child" until her fifth birthday, after which she refers to her by her title, "Lady Margaret."

 

February 1616

* * *

Upon the 17th being Saturday my Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, my Lord William Howard, my Lord Roos, my Cousin Russell, my brother Sackville, and a great company of men of note were all in the gallery at Dorset House [in London] where the Archbishop of Canterbury took me aside and talked with me privately one hour and a half, and persuaded me both by divine and human means to set my hand to these agreements [about her lands], but my answer to his Lordship was that I would do nothing till my Lady [her mother] and I had conferred together. Much persuasion was used by him and all the company, sometimes terrifying me and sometimes flattering me, but at length it was concluded that I should have leave to go to my Mother.

* * *

May 1616

Upon the 1st, Rivers came from London [to Knole] in the afternoon, and brought me word that I should neither live at Knoll nor Bollbroke. Upon the 2nd came Mr. Legg and told divers of the servants they should go away, and that my Lord would come down and see me once more which would be the last time that I should see him again.

* * *

Upon the 9th * * * in the afternoon came Humphrey Golding's son with some letters that my mother was exceeding ill and as they thought in some danger of death. * * * At night was brought me a letter from my Lord to let me know his determination was the Child should go to live at Horseley [with his sisters] and not come hither any more, so as this was a grievous and sorrowful day for me.

* * *

At this time my Lord was in London where he had infinite and great resort coming to him. He went much abroad to Cocking, to bowling alleys, to plays and horse races, and [was] commended by all the world. I stayed in the country, having many times a sorrowful and heavy heart, and being condemned by most folks because I would not consent to the agreements, so as I may truly say I am like an owl in the desert.

* * *

January 1617

* * *

Upon the 6th being twelfth day >> note 1 I went about 4 o'clock to the court with my Lord. I went up with my Lady Arundel and ate a scrambling supper with her and my Lady Pembroke >> note 2 at my Lord Duke's >> note 3 lodging. We stood to see the Masque >> note 4 in the Box with my Lady Ruthen.

Upon the 8th we came down from London to Knole. This night my Lord and I had a falling out about the land.

Upon the 9th I * * * began to have Mr. Sandys' book >> note 5 read to me about the Government of the Turks, my Lord sitting the most part of the day reading in his closet.

* * *

Upon the 18th being Saturday I went presently after dinner to the Queen [Anne] to the drawing chamber, where my Lady Derby told the Queen and how my business stood and that I was to go to the King [James I], so she promised me she would do all the good in it she could. The Queen gave me warning to take heed of putting my matters absolutely to the King lest he should deceive me. * * * [The King] put out all that were there and my Lord and I kneeled by his chair side and he persuaded us both to peace and to put the matter wholly into his hands, which my Lord consented to; but I beseeched His Majesty to pardon me for that I would never part with Westmoreland while I lived upon any condition whatsoever. Sometimes he used fair means and persuasions, and sometimes foul means but I was resolved before so as nothing would move me. * * * I was much bound to my Lord for he was far kinder to me in all these businesses than I expected, and was very unwilling that the King should do me any public disgrace.

* * *

Upon the 20th * * * it was resolved that if I would not come to an agreement there should be an agreement made without me.

* * *

Upon the 22nd the Child had the sixth fit of her ague * * * the same day my Lord came to Knoll to see the Child.

February 1617

* * *

Upon the 21st the Child had an extreme fit of her ague, and the doctor sat by her all the afternoon and gave her salt powder to put in her beer.

* * *

March 1617

* * *

Upon the 8th I made an end of Exodus with Mr. Ran. >> note 6 After supper I played at Glecko >> note 7 with the Steward, as I often do after dinner and supper.

* * *

Upon the 11th we perceived that the Child had two great teeth come out, so as now she had in all 18. I went in the afternoon and said my prayers in the standing in the garden, and spent my time in reading and working >> note 8 as I used to do. The time grew tedious so as I used to go to bed about 8 o'clock and lie abed till 8 the next morning.

* * *

April 1617

* * *

Upon the 5th my Lord went up to my closet and saw how little money I had left, contrary to all that they had told him. Sometimes I had fair words from him and sometimes foul but I took all patiently and did strive to give him as much content and assurance of my love as I could possibly. Yet I always told him that I would never part with Westmoreland upon any condition whatsoever.

* * *

Upon the 17th in the morning my Lord told me he was resolved never to move me more in these businesses because he saw how fully I was bent.

* * *

May 1617

Upon the 1st I cut the Child's strings >> note 9 off from her coats and made her used to go about [without them], so as she had two or three falls at first but had no hurt with them.

* * *

Upon the 16th * * * my cousin Russell wrote me a letter to let me know how my Lord had canceled my jointure he made upon me last June when I went into the North, and by these proceedings I may see how much my Lord is offended with me and that my enemies have the upper hand of me.

* * *

Upon the 30th still working >> note 10 and being extremely melancholy and sad to see things go so ill with me, and fearing my Lord would give all his land away from the Child.

* * *

July 1617

Upon the 9th March brought me the King's award. >> note 11 Upon the 10th I spent the time in perusing that and other writings, the award being as ill for me as possible.

* * *

April 1619

The first day in the morning I writ in the Chronicles. >> note 12

* * *

May 1619

* * *

The 13th I was one of the mourners at the Queen's funeral and attending the corpse from Somerset House to the Abbey at Westminster. My Lord also was one of the Earls that mourned at this time.

* * *

July 1619

The 2nd my Lord and Sir Henry Vane played at bowls. >> note 13 This day at night my Lady Margaret was five years old, so as my Lord caused her health to be drunk throughout the house.

* * *

The 22nd my Lady Margaret began to sit to Mr. Vansome >> note 14 for her picture.

* * *

December 1619

Upon the 14th Wat Coniston [a servant] began to read the book of Josephus >> note 15 to me of the Antiquities of the Jews.


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