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  1. Read carefully the cluster of texts on the Bible, and then describe, in your own words, Tyndale's justification for doing a new translation. What seems to be at stake in Tyndale's controversial decision to translate the Latin ecclesia as "congregation" rather than as "church"? What did the Catholic Thomas More mean when he commented that Tyndale, by his own stated principles as a translator, might as well translate "world" as "football"?
  2. What justification does lawyer Robert Aske offer in support of preserving an older form of life — namely, the monasteries? What justification might others offer for attacking the monasteries and defacing images?
  3. Provide an objective, third-party account of Anne Askew's first examination. What position does each side seem to set out in this exchange? Compare the treatments of Anne Askew's martyrdom in John Foxe's narrative and the song.
  4. Although the song for the Pilgrimage of Grace is written in the voice of "us commons," it is the work of an educated man, a monk of St. Mary's Abbey. John Skelton, another educated man of the church, also wrote verse in the "plain style" associated with the common people.
    1. Compare the song with the passage from Skelton's Colin Clout. How do the two poets go about crafting a "plain" voice? How much does Colin Clout, Skelton's common man, have in common with the Pilgrims, and in what does he differ?
    2. Why might a plain voice be considered suitable for commenting on relations between the spiritual and the temporal?

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