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Site Credits

  • Workshops:  Jolynn Parker, Syracuse University    W.W. Norton would also like to acknowledge the contributions of past edition workshop authors: Ann Woodlief, Virginia Commonweath University, Barbara Bird, St. Petersburg College, and Linda Yakle, St. Petersburg College
  • Review Quizzes:  Jason Coats, The University of Virginia
  • Essay Audio Annotations:  Jason Snart, The College of Dupage
  • Site Design: Sunghee Lee
  • Site Development: Thundercloud Consulting, LLC.
  • Site Editor: Eileen Connell
  • Developmental Editor:  Beth Ammerman
  • Photo Research: Stephanie Romeo, Elyse Reider
  • Workshop Text Acknowledgements:
    • W.H. Auden: “Musée des Beaux Arts” by W.H. Auden, currently collected in Collected Poems by W.H. Auden. Copyright © 1938 by W.H. Auden, used with permission of The Wylie Agency LLC.
    • Elizabeth Bishop: “Sestina” from The Complete Poems 1927-1979 by Elizabeth Bishop. Copyright © 1979, 1983 by Alice Helen Methfessel. Reprinted by permission of Farrar, Straus and Giroux, LLC.
    • Sean Cole, et al.: From Act Two of Episode 354: “Mistakes Were Made,” This American Life, April 18, 2008. Courtesy of This American Life, from Chicago Public Radio.
    • Countee Cullen: “Yet I Do Marvel,” Color by Countee Cullen, © 1925 Harper & Bros., NY, renewed 1952 Ida M. Cullen. Copyrights held by The Amistad Research Center, Tulane University. Administered by Thompson and Thompson, Brooklyn, NY. Reprinted with permission.
    • Robert Frost: “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” from The Poetry of Robert Frost edited by Edward Connery Lathem. Copyright 1923, 1969 by Henry Holt and Company. Copyright 1951 by Robert Frost. Reprinted by arrangement with Henry Holt and Company, LLC.
    • Seamus Heaney: “Mid-Term Break” from Opened Ground: Selected Poems 1966-1996 by Seamus Heaney. Copyright © 1998 by Seamus Heaney. Reprinted by permission of Farrar, Straus and Giroux, LLC.
    • Anthony Hecht: “The Dover Bitch,” from Collected Earlier Poems by Anthony Hecht, copyright © 1990 by Anthony E. Hecht. Used by permission of Alfred A. Knopf, a division of Random House, Inc.
    • Langston Hughes: “The Weary Blues” from The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes by Langston Hughes, edited by Arnold Rampersad with David Roessel, Associate Editor, copyright © 1994 by the Estate of Langston Hughes. Used by permission of Harold Ober Associates Incorporated.
    • Kenneth Koch: “Variations on a Theme by William Carlos Williams” from Thank You, And Other Poems. Used by permission of the Kenneth Koch Literary Estate.
    • Li-Young Lee: “Persimmons” from Rose. Copyright © 1986 by Li-Young Lee. Reprinted with the permission of BOA Editions, Ltd.,
    • Pat Mora: “Gentle Communion” from Communion by Pat Mora is reprinted with permission from the publisher (© 1991 Arte Público Press – University of Houston).
    • Marge Piercy: "Barbie doll" by Marge Piercy. Copyright (c) 1971, 1982 by Marge Piercy and Middlemarsh, Inc. From Circles on the Water, Alfred A. Knopf, 1982. First appeared in Moving Out, March 1971. Used by permission of the Wallace Literary Agency, Inc.
    • Edgar Allen Poe: “The Raven” read by Basil Rathbone from The Edgar Allen Poe Audio Collection (Audio) by Edgar Allen Poe and performed by Vincent Price and Basil Rathbone. (P) & © 2000 HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers.
    • Marjane Satrapi: “The Shabbat,” from Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood by Marjane Satrapi, translated by Mattias Ripa & Blake Ferris, translation copyright © 2003 by L’Association, Paris, France. Used by permission of Pantheon Books, a division of Random House, Inc.
    • Edna St. Vincent Millay: “I, Being Born a Woman and Distressed” from Collected Poems. © 1923, 1951 by Edna St. Vincent Millay and Norma Millay Ellis. Reprinted with permission of Elizabeth Barnett, Literary Executor, The Millay Society.
    • Andrew Vecchione: “Sorry But It Was Beautiful” from Rose, Where Did You Get That Red? by Kenneth Koch (New York: Vintage, 1973). We have made diligent efforts to contact the copyright holder to obtain permission to reprint this selection. If you have information that would help us, please write to Permissions Department, W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 500 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10110.
    • William Carlos Williams: “The Red Wheelbarrow” and “This Is Just to Say” by William Carlos Williams, from The Collected Poems: Volume I, 1909-1939, copyright © 1938 by New Directions Publishing Corp. Reprinted by permission of New Directions Publishing Corp.
  • Workshop Image Acknowledgements:


    • Matthew Arnold
      Dover Cliffs (day) Michael Drane/Alamy
      Dover Cliffs (night) Peter Horree/Alamy
      Map of England and France
    • W. H. Auden
      Musee des Beaux: Fall of Icarus c 1555 oil on canvas The Art Gallery Collection/Alamy
      Photograph of the main hall of the Museum of Fine Arts in Brussels.
    • Elizabeth Bishop
      Wood-burning cast iron kitchen stove circa 1910-1925, hanging almanac. Alamy.
    • William Blake
      Songs of Innocence Library of Congress, Rare Book & Special Collections Division
    • Robert Browning
      Gustave Dore image of Stan in lake of fire in Hell. (public domain)
    • Countee Cullen
      Small’s Paradise Club Bettmann/Corbis
      Map of Harlem
      Cotton Club, circa 1930 Underwood & Underwood/Corbis
    • Emily Dickinson
      PDF of fascicle page of 'Because I could not stop for death' By permission of The Houghton Library, Harvard University, MS Am 1118.3 (165a). © The President and Fellows of Harvard College.
    • John Donne
      Compass Antar Dayal/Illustration Works/Corbis
      Geographical renaissance map of Europe Araldo de Luca/Corbis
    • T. S. Eliot
      Photo by Amy Thrash. Image courtesy of, the website of the Academy of American Poets.
      “They Swam Before the Ships and Sang Lovely Songs Illustration by Louis John Rhead. Blue Lantern Studio/Corbis
    • Robert Frost
      Rural New England, evening, snow-covered woods. SuperStock
    • Langston Hughes
      Langston Hughes: (pastel portrait) National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution/Art Resource Langston Hughes: “The Weary Blues” cover Reproduced by permission of Alfred A. Knopf Publishers, Inc. Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
    • John Keats
      Ancient Grecian urn. Christie's Images/Corbis
    • Lee Young Li
      Traditional Chinese scroll painting, perhaps Mu Ch'I's “Six Persimmons." Werner Forman / Art Resource, NY
    • Wilfred Owen
      World War I gas mask Lambert/Getty Images
      World War I horse-drawn ambulance Henry Guttmann/Getty Images
      WWI trench warfare Bettmann/Corbis
      Lined up, blindfolded WWI soldiers injured by poison gas. Three Lions/Getty Images
      Dead WWI soldier Hulton Archive/Getty Images
    • Marge Piercy
      Girl holding Barbie picture in front of face Igor Khodzinskiy/Beateworks/Corbis
      Girl with toy oven H. Armstrong Roberts/Corbis
    • Sylvia Plath
      Photo of Adolf Hitler. Corbis
    • Edgar Allan Poe
      Illustration for 'The Raven' by Edgar Allen Poe, 1875 Manet Bridgeman Art Any Gustave Dore Illustration from the 1884 ed. of The Raven, esp. 'Nevermore.' Library of Congress
    • Bessie Smith
      Bessie Smith Bettmann/Corbis
    • Alfred, Lord Tennyson
      Ulysses Getty Images/The Bridgeman Art Library
      Achilles (Greek, Trojan war) Vanni / Art Resource, NY
      Telemachus w/scepter INTERFOTO / Alamy
      Hyades (five stars in constellation Taurus). NASA/ESA/AURA/Caltech
    • Phillis Wheatley
      African slaves being grought by ship from Africa to America. Hulton Archive/Getty Images
    • William Carlos Williams
      William Carlos Williams and his wife. Envision/Corbis
      Photograph inspired by “The Red Wheel Barrow” Christine Acebo 
    • William Butler Yeats
      Easter 1916 rising  Popperfoto/Getty Images
      General Post Office,  Dublin Bettmann/Corbis


    • James Baldwin
      Small’s Paradise Club (repeated in Cullen section) Bettmann/Corbis
      Map of Harlem (repeated in Cullen section) (no credit)
      Cotton Club, circa 1930  (repeated in Cullen section) Underwood/Corbis
    • A. S. Byatt
      Evacuated schoolchildren leaving Clapham Junction SSPL/Getty Images
      Evacuated schoolchildren in the countryside  Keystone/Getty Images
      Illustration of worm Private Collection/© Look and Learn/ The Bridgeman Art Library
      1941, A bombed out street in the city of London Popperfoto/Getty Images 
    • Kate Chopin
      Kate Chopin in Louisiana with her children Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis. 
    • William Faulkner
      Rowan Oak, Faulkner’s home Kevin Fleming/Corbis
      Oxford Mississippi Heards Feed store and abandoned livery stable From IMAGES OF AMERICA: OXFORD AND OLE MISS by Jack Lamar Mayfield on behalf of the Oxford-Lafayette County Heritage Foundation. 
      Oxford Square, 1960's. From IMAGES OF AMERICA: OXFORD AND OLE MISS by Jack Lamar Mayfield on behalf of the Oxford-Lafayette County Heritage Foundation. 
      Men playing domino game on Courthouse lawn in Oxford, Ms. From IMAGES OF AMERICA: OXFORD AND OLE MISS by Jack Lamar Mayfield on behalf of the Oxford-Lafayette County Heritage Foundation. 
      Produce market farmers selling watermelons in the square 
      From IMAGES OF AMERICA: OXFORD AND OLE MISS by Jack Lamar Mayfield on behalf of the Oxford-Lafayette County Heritage Foundation. 
      Courthouse, 1949 with additional wings under construction. From IMAGES OF AMERICA: OXFORD AND OLE MISS by Jack Lamar Mayfield on behalf of the Oxford-Lafayette County Heritage Foundation.
      W  14 Faulkner: Oxford Miss. 
      Courthouse, North Facade From IMAGES OF AMERICA: OXFORD AND OLE MISS by Jack Lamar Mayfield on behalf of the Oxford-Lafayette County Heritage Foundation. 
      Courthouse sidewalk paving From IMAGES OF AMERICA: OXFORD AND OLE MISS by Jack Lamar Mayfield on behalf of the Oxford-Lafayette County Heritage Foundation. 
      Oxford Square, 1933, on a Saturday From IMAGES OF AMERICA: OXFORD AND OLE MISS by Jack Lamar Mayfield on behalf of the Oxford-Lafayette County Heritage Foundation.
    • Susan Glaspell, “A Jury of Her Peers”
      Margaret Hossack Illustration from Defense Nearing It's End, DES MOINES SUNDAY LEADER, April 7, 1901. Courtesy of Patricia Bryan and Tom Wolf. [ ]
      Hossack family in 1892 Courtesy of Daniel J. Lawrence
      Map of town relating to Hossack case Courtesy of Patricia Bryan and Tom Wolf.
      Hossack Home Murder scene map From MIDNIGHT ASSASSIN, by Patricia L. Bryan and Thomas Wolf. © 2005 by Patricia L. Bryan and Thomas Wolf. Reprinted by permission of Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill. All rights reserved. 
    • The Brothers Grimm
      Illustration from Brother's Grimm Fairy Tales, Granger Collection
    • Nathaniel Hawthorne
      American Scientist chemical chest, 19th century SSPL/Science Museum / Art Resource, NY
    • Ernest Hemingway
      Spain circa 1920s or early 1930s. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston 
    • Franz Kafka
      The Hunger Artist (painting) Shawn Yu 
    • Herman Melville
      image of 19th C Wall Street, Library of Congress
    • Toni Morrison
      School busing protest in early 1970s  Bettmann/Corbis 
    • Alice Munro
      Canadian silver fox farm (circa 1960s) © Biosphoto / Klein J.-L. & Hubert M.-L. / Peter Arnold
    • Flannery O’Connor
      (sitting in black & white dress) Photograph by Ralph Morrissey. Reprinted by the courtesy of the Morrissey Collection and the Photographic Archives, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee
      Flannery O’Connor (photographed w/ her peacock painting) Bettmann/Corbis
    • Amy Tan
      Production still from 1993 movie, The Joy Luck Club  United Archives GmbH / Alamy 
    • Edith Wharton
      Roman Colosseum Ross Durant Photography /Getty Images
      Palantine Hill, Rome Alamy
      The Roman Forum Sean Sexton Collection/Corbis
      Wealthy turn-of-the-twentieth century American on a European “grand tour." ©Wagstaff Collection / Mary Evans / The Image Works


    • Susan Glaspell, Trifles
      Production Stills:  Rutgers Mason Gross School of the Arts Jameson Project Trifles by Susan Glaspell Directed by Nathan Jeffery. Photo by Justin Smiley.
    • Lorraine Hansberry
      Middle-class black neighborhood/apt Chicago 1950s Library of Congress
      Poor black neighborhood Chicago 1950s  Charles Fenno Jacobs//Time Life Pictures/Getty Images
      Production photos of the 1961 Sydney Poitier movie Raisin in the Sun Columbia Pictures/Photofest
    • William Shakespeare
      Shakespeare Portrait Chris Hellier/Corbis
      Shakespeare Birthplace Michael Maslan Historic Photographs/Corbis
      Globe Theater Bettmann/Corbis
      Illustration from A Midsummer Night’s Dream Corbis
      Olivier as Hamlet Bettmann/Corbis
    • Sophocles
      Bust  Bettmann/Corbis
      Scene from Antigone NY Shakespeare Festival, 1982 Photo by Martha Swope. Reprinted by permission of the photographer.
    • Tom Stoppard
      The Real Inspector Hound production still. Photographs by Mark Wyville.
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