Virulence Factors of Pathogenic Bacteria

A database of bacterial virulence factors. Go to search, select virulence factors and query one of the key words provided.

Anthrax Protective Antigen in JMOL

A 3-D, interactive tutorial on the anthrax protective antigen developed using Jmol, an open-source Java viewer for chemical structures. You may need to download the Java viewer, which is available at http://jmol.sourceforge.net.

The Type III Protein Secretion System

Animation of Salmonella enterica using a type III secretion system to introduce bacterial effector proteins into the host cell. The result is altered actin polymerization, membrane ruffling and engulfment of the bacterium into a specialized vacuole. The speaker is Dr. Brett Finlay, University of British Columbia.

E. coli Infection

Animation of Enteropathogenic E. coli invated intestinal epithelial cells and the molecular events leading to pedestal formation.